Do you mind if your house will fly the UAV? Survey on the use of this new technology and the threats coming from it gave in Germany mixed results.
You’ve seen drones? Yeah, in Germany about 40% of survey participants. Moreover, approximately 10% have even had a chance to pilot the drones. These aircraft are rapidly entering our lives, are increasingly being used for filming, with the salvation of the people, for scientific purposes or just as a toy. But unfortunately, and increasingly pose a threat to people, especially for passengers.
The number of dangerous encounters of a drone aircraft is growing rapidly
In the UK less than a month there have been two high-profile incident with the drones. At the end of December, several times saw in the skies over Gatwick airport, which had to suspend the sending and receiving of hundreds of flights in early January because of the appearance of the drone was temporarily paralyzed largest airport in the country Heathrow.
In Germany to such a massive failure of the case has not yet reached, however, in 2018 the pilots 158 times reported on the convergence of drones in German airspace, according to the portal Statista, citing information he had received from the German service of flight safety (DFS). Compared to the 2017 year this means an increase of almost 80% if compared with year 2015, the number of appearances of drones flying near or landing of aircraft has increased more than 10 times.
In 2018 in Germany has sold about 1.3 million unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), reports Statista, citing assessments by experts. The vast majority (about 950 thousand) amounted to semi-professional drones weighing from 250 grams to 2 kilograms, to control which does not require special skills. Almost 300 thousand light toy drones, this market segment is growing most rapidly. Increased rapidly in the last year and a number of heavy professional vehicles (weight over 2 kilograms), although the absolute numbers here are almost an order of magnitude lower: less than 40 thousand a year.
UAVs like mostly men and young people
So the demand for UAVs in Germany is quite large. But what do you think about this relatively new technology and its use in the sky of the country, vast segments of the population? This question was asked of the experts of the German aerospace research center (DLR) in Cologne and ordered sociological Institute Infas representative survey. It was only about civilian drones, military drones are not affected. In a telephone interview participated 832 respondents at the age from 14 to 94 years.
It turned out that the term “drone” known to almost everyone, but a large part of the inhabitants of Germany to the UAV rather skeptical, particularly among women. 47% of them perceive this technique as “rather negative”, 44% – “rather positively”, and the rest undecided. A lot more drones like men: 63% gave them positive and 29% negative rating.
The attitude towards drones is greatly affected Germany not only gender, but also age. The youth are mostly easily adopted this technical innovation: in the age group 14-24 years it “rather positive” attitude of 75% of the respondents. But the older the respondents, the more cautious they are looking at the emergence of drones.
The most skeptical were people aged 55 to 64 years: here 38% of positive ratings were 56% negative. At the same time, among those 65 and older, and positive attitude once again prevails, and obviously: here “rather positive” on the drones watched by 54%. Because I do not know that some grandparents had an opportunity to play with their grandchildren in this?
The greatest concern is about criminal abuse
Very revealing answer to the question: “With what do you associate the drones?”. Every third Respondent said that for him, drones are associated with concepts such as “surveillance, spying, supervision”. On the second place in frequency of mentioning are “filming, aerial survey, topographic survey, exploration of” the third “leisure and hobby”, the fourth – “delivery of parcels, transport, supply”, the fifth – “troops, weapons”.
So drones is alarming the German society primarily because they can be used for different kind of intrusion in the private lives of people (or firms). The acute concern of respondents about possible “abuse for criminal purposes” (noted 89%) and “violation of privacy” (84%).
Besides, the vast majority of respondents (approximately 75%) are concerned with such aspects as the possible physical and material damage from the falling drones, unclear legal and insurance liability in such accidents, as well as a threat to the safety of air transport. As you can see, the German society aware of the threat of drone collisions with passenger aircraft, but considers it a very important, but not the primary cause for concern.
Drones should not fly at night over the houses
Respondents expressed a number of specific requirements for the operation of the UAV. So, 87% believe it is important the state registration of the pilots and owners of drones, 80% advocated that the drones were license plates like cars, 73% support the idea of “electronic registration plates”, in other words, to being in the sky machines were constantly applied the identification signals.
At the same time the majority of respondents opposed the use of drones even over small settlements (from 5 to 20 thousand inhabitants), and even more in the sky over residential areas medium to large (over 100 thousand inhabitants) cities. The majority also thinks flying drones have above 20 meters (or above a 6-storey building). Almost all (93%) approve of giving police and firefighters the right to carry out a forced controlled landing drones offenders.
Survey participants DLR also asked whether they agree to the drones flew over the house in which they live. The most unfavorably the night flight: in this case “no” answer 70%. Against the use in the daytime are 60%.
Drones for the good of the people!
At the same time, two-thirds of respondents don’t mind the UAV flown over their house, even at low altitude, if they perform socially useful tasks.
To such tasks in the eyes of respondents include protection from natural disasters, scientific research, rescue operations police, fire and other services, monitoring of traffic flows and power networks, delivery of medicines. In all these cases, from 91% to 75% of the respondents approve the use of drones. Two-thirds support their use in agriculture and 58% for photo and video shooting in the preparation of news.
At the same time, half of the respondents do not like the use of drones for fun, as a toy. No support the idea to deliver using drones postal deliveries, which in the US are already working some companies: 58% of respondents were against. Even more decisive rejection (72%) causes photo – and videography with drones for advertising purposes.
Thus, the Germans for all his skepticism against the civilian UAV see and greet a variety of possibility of their use for the benefit of people, though, and require by legislation to regulate their use. But with all the commercialization of this new technology respondents do not approve of the DLR.