The network has published a photo of the real life of ordinary people in the Soviet Union, which was able to catch in the camera lens “dissident” Valeriy Reshetnyak.
The man formally worked as an engineer in Kiev, and in his spare time took pictures, knowing that such pictures never published. About it reports “Radio Freedom” (to see photos and stories hiding behind each of them, dockrillia the page to the end).
For the first time his photos were published only in the late 80-ies during the Restructuring. Then he along with the other photographers documentary founded the Association “the Look”. His photos were exhibited in Kiev, Moscow, Denmark and the USA. After the Soviet Union Reshetnyak moved into commercial photography and taught photography.
“This road went to school with me. Lighting was not. Not to leave tarpaulin boots in the mud, we shone a flashlight. But not always was the batteries. Then we set fire to matches and Hawali in his sleeves to the wind blew – this was the highlight. This road has not changed until now. To do it is not for anyone in the village there are very few people,” says the author.
According to Reshetnyak, in such a sleigh in the USSR could travel the Chairman of the collective farm or the local “princes” with the Communist party. But the farmer only got them at the most critical moment. As you know, in winter, other transport, in addition to sleigh, because most roads are not cleaned. On the right, says the author, is a woman with cans on old sled she “arrived” in the store for kerosene for lamps.
“When we went into this huge plant, I saw only a gray ground, a pile of rebar and endless pipes. And suddenly from it emerged a figure in gray jacket and tarpaulin boots. Immediately thought that there are slaves,” – says Reshetnyak.
According to the photographer, in the USSR for war, trained from childhood, they say, it was the basis of Soviet ideological upbringing. Thus, the conventional literature was very small, but on the military issues – as they want. Looking closer, the photo on the left you can see the toy APC.
In the Soviet Union, said that “bread is a head”. And all the people in the photo probably survived the famine of 1932-33. About it, said Reshetnyak, then spoke only in a close circle.
“It is an ordinary cart, which drove God knows what: he threw a tarp and piled the bread. True, then none of this tragedy did not do” – says the photographer.
This the Reshetnyak wanted to show that in the Soviet Union women in the village, the fate was heavier than that of men: whole economy and way of life on their shoulders.
As explained by the photographer, not wanting to support infrastructure for small villages, the Soviet authorities resettled their inhabitants. However, the family in the picture, did not want to leave the “unpromising” village. The people in the photo, emphasizes Reshetnyak, wanted to die where they were born.
“Head of the family – without the right foot. He had no prosthesis hobbled on crutches.
Occasionally he has had visitors. For example, a childhood friend who has long lived in another village. He brought port – cheap Soviet baggage, which is very well given in the head,” he recalls.
In the USSR, the children not only saw the work-worn hands of fathers and mothers, but they already knew about hard work. However, until 1974, to leave the village was almost impossible.
“The peasants were not given passports – that was official slavery. Even to go to the city on business, had to get help. Therefore, it was necessary to have a great pull, so the kids got a passport. All of whom managed to escape from the village, mostly fell into the Dorm,” – says the photographer.
He added that most in the Union were from villages and had their homes. Therefore, the Soviet organization building low-cost housing: it is a long hallway, rooms of 4-6 beds on the floor one shared kitchen and toilet. Although this housing was temporary, most people during Perestroika did not have time to state apartments, and were forced to live in hostels all my life.
“This boy still lives in this obeidly the room with his son and wife. His mother and sister in the next. Caring dad long gone to another woman,” does not give the photographer your imagination roam, the viewer of his picture.
According to Reshetnyak, on that day, the people came to a reception before the opening and it was probably not for the first time. Although often in such places it was possible to wait very long for official and leave with nothing.
It is no secret that in the USSR most of the goods to ordinary citizens was scarce. And to “get” the deficit, it was necessary to know the “right” people.
“Often before public holidays were miracles, the deficiency of “throw”. Often sold from the back of the store. But word of mouth worked. In the long queues often had conflicts when some wise guy tried to cut in front of everyone”, – shares his memories of the photographer.
The demonstrates how in the Kiev fashion house staged a show for only one American businessman (the man with no hair in the center). In the Soviet Union to foreigners, says Reshetnyak, crept and opened the door. Later it became clear that this American “philosopher” and former hippies. And in America he took the Soviet cotton jackets, bags and hats with earflaps.