The informant Money to publish data of sociological survey conducted by the urban Institute on the assessment of the decentralization reform by the citizens of Ukraine. Where reform is more positive about and why – read the material.
Interviewed 1 736 respondents in all Ukrainian regions (except Crimea and temporarily occupied parts of Donetsk and Lugansk regions) with filling Internet forms. The sample is representative by age, sex, location (urban and rural) in each of the areas.
Which authorities to trust and not trust
40% of respondents think life in Ukraine in 2015 have improved. So, 20% are firmly convinced that the country is on the right track of development. 24% partially satisfied with the development of the country.
57% of respondents admit that Ukrainians do not know how to cooperate with the authorities, while 48% believe that Ukrainians do not know how to cooperate even with the residents of their communities (settlements). Data show that the decentralization reform has a positive impact on the mood of the Ukrainians. The representatives of the United territorial communities (GSS) least dissatisfied with the evaluation of cooperation with the government (44%) and residents of the community (36%).
For 34% of Ukrainians in average trust to the presidents of the communities (mayors, township and village heads) and local government representatives. Also, 31% of citizens trust the President of Ukraine. If it’s trust in local government on average 63% and 62% – the head of the community. Most Ukrainians do not trust dipcorpus of the Verkhovna Rada (only 10% trust her). 25% of respondents at a time and trusts and does not trust the Parliament. The Cabinet of Ministers is trusted by 22% of Ukrainians, amused attitude to it 27%, and not trusted by 49% of the population.
How aware of the decentralization reform
50% of Ukrainians know about the reform of local government. Of these, nearly one in five (18%) knowledgeable about the decentralization reform. Overall, 40% of Ukrainians positively assess the decentralization reform. Among those who know about the reform, 55% satisfied with its introduction.
49% of respondents believe the decentralization effective. Among the representatives of the GSS positively regard the reform of the 64% of the population (whereas in communities not yet joined, only 34%). The most positive about the reform in Central-Eastern and North-Eastern (52%) regions. In the East perceive the reform positively, only 20% of the population.
The more respondents are involved in the work of local authorities, the more you know about the decentralization reform. More aware of her advisers decentralization (79%) and representatives of the GSS (78%). 34% of the residents work. I know very well about decentralization. The terrain affects the awareness of Ukrainians about the reform. More knowledgeable residents of the urban villages (63%) and residents of North-Eastern region (67%). The least informed residents of the Western regions (46%).
55% of Ukrainians believe that the biggest problem in the implementation of decentralization reform remains the reluctance of people to undergo changes. Also have the value of resistance on the part of the Deputy corps (50% of the respondents indicated this answer), insufficient qualification of employees of local self-government (49%), inadequate regulatory framework (44%).
What are the advantages of reforms in the eyes of Ukrainians
The increase in receipts in local budgets is one of the main outcomes of decentralization. 63% of Ukrainians believe that for the last few years, the quality of life in their communities had improved. 72% of villagers said that the quality of life on the ground has improved (32% improvement considered significant). In the towns happy with the outcome 63% of the population.
54% believe that the most noticeable reform touched beautification (sidewalks, benches, playgrounds, parks, recreational areas, etc.). More than a third of respondents satisfied with the improvement of roads (37%) and the opening of the Centers of providing administrative services (administrative centers) and 35% who are positive about 73% of the respondents.
Improvements in the field of school education felt 30% of Ukrainians in the sphere of preschool education – 23%. 22% felt the improvements in medicine. More than satisfied with the medicine residents of the Central (27%), Central East (26%) regions, the least satisfied residents of Eastern and South-Eastern regions (11% and 12%, respectively).
Every fifth Ukrainian (20%) believes that in 2015 the state of artistic and cultural and artistic and educational institutions in their localities improved. More than just satisfied residents of the Central-Eastern regions (29%), the least satisfied people in the North-Eastern provinces (10%).
Are the citizens to participate in governance processes
30% of residents are satisfied with their influence on decision-making at the local level. 40% dissatisfied, 30% is hard to say with certainty.
74% of citizens stated that they have intention to cooperate with the local authorities. Most noticeable, the figure in the Donbas (83%) and Central-Eastern regions (82%).
48% of Ukrainians know about the availability of budget participation in their village, and took part in voting for the projects of 64%. While 27% of respondents have submitted projects on budget participation.