An international research team from Leuven (Belgium) and Utrecht University (the Netherlands) developed a new method of production that allows to obtain a more environmentally friendly diesel fuel, according to Аgroreview.com.
According to scientists, the technology may be distributed over the next decade.
To create diesel use special elements – catalysts that speed up chemical reactions, transforming the oil, from which diesel is that the fuel that the car is charged.
In the production process of the fuel molecules interact with the catalytic materials. Typically, the catalysts are placed as close as possible to each other, which simplifies the movement of the original substances between them.
But scientists decided to try to put them closer. The researchers found that if you position the components at a distance of several nanometers from each other (0,00000001 mm), then the reaction will be obtained much more environmentally friendly fuel.
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“To ensure the veracity of their findings, the researchers triple-checked the result. We repeated the experiment three times to come to a common conclusion: the modern theory is wrong. The distance between the components inside the catalyst should be minimal. This is contrary to what the industry the last half century,” said the scientists.
According to the researchers, this discovery may have a big impact. Appliances, runs on cleaner diesel engines will emit far less harmful substances. It is very important for agriculture, since the majority of technicians working in this sector is diesel.
The results of the study were published in the journal Nature. This is not the first attempt to make a clean diesel. In 2015, the first factory for the production of synthetic fuel began its work in Dresden under the control of the German startup Sunfire. The basis of the new fuel is called “blue oil” begins with extraction of electricity from renewable sources (wind, sun and other sources).
The resulting electricity is used to produce hydrogen from water by reverse electrolysis. The hydrogen is mixed with carbon dioxide, which was converted to the new gas with the help of two chemical processes. The result is a liquid which is called “blue oil”.
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It and produced synthetic fuel E-Diesel. While the plant produces 160 litres of synthetic fuel per day – this is not enough to completely fill even three cars. New production method proposed by scientists from Belgium and the Netherlands, focused on large volumes of fuel, so that it could become a basis of transition to “eco” diesel.