Experts once again increased the expectancy of life of the Germans. But women in Germany will continue to live longer than men. Why?
People in Germany, celebrating its 100th anniversary, is usually visited to congratulate the mayor of the city where they live. But judging by the rapidly increasing life expectancy in Germany, we can assume that over time, the city administration will have to introduce a special position in order to visit centenarians and congratulate them.
Jokes aside, this really can not be excluded, because according to the experts from the Institute for demographic research the max Planck Society in Rostock, one in every three born this year in Germany the girl will celebrate its 100-year anniversary. And the average life expectancy of newborn this year will exceed 90 years: 94,8 years in girls and 88.6 years for boys. As scientists predict, based on UN data, in the near future 90-year-old German will not be considered a long-lived, because this age will become the norm.
Encouraging and forecasts, which are already not a newborn, but to those who have reached the age of maturity. Demographers believe that every second resident of Germany, has reached to the present time 50 years of age, live at least 90 years, and 12 percent of them even to a hundred. And among their peers-men of the 90 anniversary can celebrate about one third.
Why women live longer than men
The fact that women live longer than men, has long been known. Of course, play a role here bad habits of men: Smoking, alcohol… But the reason is not only that. Women are different from men and by genetics, and anatomy. The peculiarity of the genetic structure of women is that they have two X chromosomes, one of which is backup. In men, this backup is missing. Accordingly, the fair sex is a stronger immune system, and they are less susceptible to disease.
Have the value and living conditions. Men more often than women engaged in activities associated with risk. As a result them more often accidents happen. And yet, studies show that men later than women seek help to the doctors in case of illness. Why? It seems many men are simply afraid of a bad diagnosis.
Implications for health systems
The increasing life expectancy in Germany is certainly good. At the same time, it is not without consequences for the German health care system. If people live longer, they get sick more often, especially in the elderly. That is the question on additional state funding of the health system, a possible rise in medical and insurance policies.
Another problem is pension insurance. People live longer, then longer and get a pension. So, by 2017, every retired German received a pension on average for two decades. In 1997 this period was 16 years. Until this time, and the financial gap in Germany was able to compensate without a radical reform of the pension system and without a substantial increase in pension contributions (now they are wage earners, about 20 per cent, half of which is paid by the employer). But how about the future? About it will be taken care not demographers, but economists and politicians.