Amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation proposed by Vladimir Putin, leaving him open to any options for retaining power after 2024, says Reinhard Feather from FAZ.
The newspaper Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung published a review of the Explorer Feather Reinhard (Reinhard Veser), which talks about the outbreak in Russia, the political transformation process and what is over proposed by President Vladimir Putin amendments to the Constitution.
“Since that moment as Vladimir Putin two years ago, was re-elected President, Russia is increasing the intensity (and among representatives loyal to the Kremlin elite – with increasing nervousness) discussed the issue, dubbed “Problem-2024”: how can Putin to remain in power after his fourth overall, term as the head of state? That he wants to stay and de facto will remain ruler of Russia today hardly anyone doubts.
Yet the Constitution allows only two consecutive terms. When the problem first arose in 2008, her solution had been loyal to Dmitry Medvedev, Putin held the presidency for four years. At this time Putin became Prime Minister again to return to the Kremlin for two term extended from four to six years. Castling Medvedev successfully ensured the preservation of power by Putin. But she also became the impetus for the mass protests during the winter of 2011-2012, the biggest crisis in his reign.
Therefore, the repetition of this maneuver is automatically excluded. To cancel the restriction on the term of office is also dangerous: too obvious would be in this case, the attempt to reshape the Constitution to suit Putin’s needs, and reaction, at least the urban population would be unpredictable.
Against this background, Putin on Wednesday, January 15, in his message to the Federal Assembly initiated constitutional amendments. What, however, is not entirely clear what the decision “Problems-2024”. However, from Putin’s words, something becomes clear. At first glance, it seems surprising that he wants to limit the power of President and strengthen the position of Parliament and the government. But focusing on the formal relations between the individual state agencies is misleading.
Under Putin, the activities of political institutions are systematically subjected to negative effects. Hiding behind the facade of a legal state in which Parliament, government, courts and regional bodies have carried out their tasks, the authorities in modern Russia is mainly based on informal relations. The fact that Putin wants to introduce in the political system of Russia more “checks and balances”, will not help new way to regulate the institutional relationship. Rather, it is about the adjustment of the complex balance between formal and informal power.
In other words, the personal power of Putin, should become more formally independent from the most important state structures. Example of how it might look, was the maneuver, which many viewed as a demotion: the transition from the Medvedev government to the security Council, where he created a new position of Deputy Chairman. Since the accession of Putin as President in 2000, no one was so close to him, as Medvedev and the security Council can become a guarantee of control over intelligence and security agencies.
Whether this will happen remains to be seen. Putin has formulated everything so that everything remained in limbo, and any options for him remained open. One thing is for sure: with Putin’s speech, which began with the statement that in Russian society has come a great need for change, the “transit of power” began.”
Without the right reissue. © Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung GmbH, Frankfurt am main.
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