In the South of France started the final phase of construction of the international thermonuclear experimental reactor ITER. The partners of the project includes the “Rosatom”.
On the territory of the research center of Cadarache in the South of France on Tuesday, 28 July, officially launched the Assembly and installation of the international thermonuclear experimental reactor ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor, ITER). Thus, the unique international project involving European Union countries and Russia, USA, China, India, Japan and South Korea, have moved to the final stage.
The largest share of the costs of construction of the facility, the ITER covers the EU – 45.6%. Other partners contribute 9 percent of the total. Investments are made not in the form of remittances, and by supplying equipment and components for the reactor, as well as the development of appropriate technologies.
In a solemn ceremony on the occasion of the beginning of the construction works was attended by the President of France Emmanuel macron, Prime Minister Ursula von der Leyen (Ursula von der Leyen), EU energy Commissioner Kadri Simson, as well as representatives of other countries – project partners, including the CEO of Russian state Corporation Rosatom Alexey Likhachev.
Because of the pandemic in the fashion industry, the event was held in an online format. The participants in the video were watched as to the place of construction of the installation takes manufactured in South Korea, the first sector of vacuum chamber of ITER with welded thereto a Russian connection. The basis of the reactor based on the tokamak installation, which is considered the most promising device for controlled thermonuclear fusion.
How did the idea of ITER
The idea of a joint project controlled thermonuclear reaction belonged to the Soviet Union. In 1985, the work on creation of the reactor was brought to the US, Europe, Japan and Canada. In 1986 the patronage of ITER took the International atomic energy Agency (IAEA). Some time later, the United States announced its withdrawal from the program. However, in 2003 the administration of George W. Bush, worried about the energy security of the country, decided to participate in the project. Together with the United States to the establishment of the ITER joined China and South Korea.
Technical design of ITER was completed in 2001. Five years later an agreement was signed on the construction of ITER in France, and in four year built a ground support structure and laid the Foundation. The completion date has been repeatedly moved for technical and financial reasons.
Now, the reactor is expected to start in 2025. By the time the project participants expect to get out of it the first plasma that would confirm the fact that the fusion reaction can be used to generate energy on an industrial scale.