These tips will help you maintain reproductive health. Learn to identify that from the point of view of gynecology is normal and what goes beyond it and requires treatment.
1. PAY SPECIAL ATTENTION TO THE SELECTION.
In fact, we all have them, only one is transparent, the other at some point become yellowish and thicker. They are stable only in one case: when a woman takes oral contraceptives. It is very important to regularly monitor how the amount and consistency of secretions during the menstrual cycle. This will help to notice some variations. Their unusual properties are a sign of infection, especially if there are other accompanying symptoms.
For example, white cheesy discharge and intense itching usually indicate a fungal infection. Colorless liquid with a questionable smell that appears after sex, can be a symptom of bacterial vaginosis – the most common sexually transmitted infection in women over the age of 40 years. A stinking greenish and bubbling indicate the presence of trichomoniasis.
Women aged 15-25 years, sexually active, an annual basis is advised to get tested for chlamydia. If the result is positive, must be checked for the presence of gonococci. It is the causative agents of gonorrhea – a sexually transmitted disease that usually accompanies chlamydia.
2. DO NOT IGNORE RECURRING SYMPTOMS.
75% of women at least once is a fungal infection of candidiasis, or thrush. If you can identify it yourself, you can use special vaginal suppositories or creams. If you are unsure of the diagnosis or the disease after a course of treatment fails, see a gynecologist
Making tests to rule out other fungal disease and infection, he will prescribe diflucan. Can be completely cured, taking into only 1 capsule of this medication. However, it can have a negative effect on the liver, but does not affect the action of birth control pills.
Virus genital herpes lives in the body almost 90% of people. However aktiviziruyutsya he only 10-20% of those infected, most often in weak immunity, colds or stress. They can be transmitted not only during sex but also while using the personal hygiene of the sick person.
3. REMEMBER THE FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF INFECTION.
Increases the risk of diseases all of that depends on hormone levels and the acid-alkaline balance of the vagina: diabetes, pregnancy, antibiotics, pills, contraceptives. Keep your home anti-fungal medications and begin taking them at the first sign of the disease. By the way, antibiotics and oral contraceptives increase the likelihood of bacterial vaginosis, which is often confused with yeast infections and trying to cure by the same means. If you notice its symptoms (e.g., smelling discharge), go to the doctor.
Cause infection and other factors. Making a douche, you wash away from the vagina the beneficial bacteria that regulate the abundance of the pathogens, which often leads to vaginose. Shower gel or perfumed powder that you use for personal hygiene, violate the natural protective flora of the vagina.
These products can cause an allergic reaction, so-called nonspecific vaginitis. Therefore, if you suspect that aromatic bath salt that you gave, causes irritation of the vaginal mucosa, throw it away without regret.
4. NEVER DISREGARD SAFE OTNOSHENII.
It is not necessary to lose vigilance, even if you are absolutely sure about your partner.
Remember that the best protection against STIs is a condom. However, 100% guarantee he too will not let you. Therefore, if you notice any suspicious symptoms, immediately consult a doctor.
Hepatitis b is the only sexually transmitted disease against which a vaccine is developed. Preventive vaccination is done in three stages. Every 10-12 years, it should be repeated.
5. REGULARLY PASS MEDICAL EXAMINATION.
Many women believe: a negative result with traditional examination smear for a Papanicolaou test automatically means that they have no sexually transmitted diseases. And are sadly mistaken. He speaks only about absence of cancer cells and HPV.
That’s why, even if you don’t care, twice a year to visit the gynecologist and to do all the tests. Especially when there is a new sexual partner, because this increases the risk of bacterial vaginosis, chlamydia and trichomoniasis.
Such diseases are no symptoms and in poor condition can lead to infertility, ectopic pregnancy or premature birth. In addition, they increase the probability of infection by the human immunodeficiency virus: because if you have at least one gynecological infection protective functions of the body are reduced and you vulnerable to HIV.