In the first half of 2020, the registered capital of 327 cases of viral hepatitis. However, compared to the corresponding period of the last year there has been a reduction in the incidence of viral and chronic hepatitis.
This was announced by the Director of the Department of health Valentyna Ginzburg, the press service of the KSCA.
“Compared with the corresponding period of the previous year, there is a reduction in the incidence of viral hepatitis in 10% and chronic hepatitis – 30%,” she said.
Ginsburg expressed confidence that the positive trend is the result of preventive work of doctors, a more conscious attitude towards their health on the part of Kiev, a vaccination (the vaccination coverage of newborns in 2019 in the city of Kyiv at 90% of target, and 85% of fully immunized children under 1 year), as well as increasing accessibility for residents of the capital for diagnosis and treatment.
The head of the Department of health noted that viral hepatitis is a very serious disease. Especially common among dangerous forms are hepatitis b and C.
“Hepatitis B and C are passed in violation of the integrity of the skin, during childbirth, through sexual intercourse, blood transfusions, surgical interventions, when using non-sterile instruments while piercing, tattoos, treatments manicure-pedicure. You can get it, even breaking the rules of personal hygiene, using someone else’s toothbrush, razor or scissors ” – she said.
“With regard to the symptoms, they usually appear pain in the right hypochondrium, feeling of heaviness in this area, dyspepsia, jaundice, and itching skin, increased body temperature, nausea, vomiting, dark urine and discoloration of bowel movements, General weakness and reduced efficiency,” – said the head of the Department of health, noting that the hepatitis may be asymptomatic or with mild symptoms, then the person is not aware of the presence of the disease.
Statistics show that, on average, every 12th person in the world is a carrier of hepatitis b or C, however, the level of awareness of people about these diseases is extremely low. The disease begins gradually, asymptomatic and not seen for a long time, so the Hep (especially C) is often called a “silent killer”.
Ginsburg said that, in addition to medicines for the treatment of patients with viral hepatitis, which distributes the Ministry of health of Ukraine, medications are procured also at the expense of the local budget for the implementation of the city target program “Health of Kiev”. High-quality medical care to patients with chronic viral hepatitis in Kiev provides the Hepatology center at the Kyiv city clinical hospital No. 15 and the infectious disease ward for patients with viral hepatitis Kyiv city clinical hospital № 5.