Battle of the Kalka river.
Today we will look at seven events of XIII – XIX centuries.
In 1223 at the battle of Kalka, on the territory of modern Donetsk region, troops of the Mongol commander Subedei was broken Russian-Polovtsian troops. The battle showed the advantage of the Mongol art of war over the European and influenced the Mongol invasion of Kievan Rus, which was held after 15 years.
In 1859 the Clock tower of the Palace of Westminster in London the clock was started that is now known as “big Ben”.
In 1870 Professor Joseph de smedt was supanatural the asphalt. It was first used in July of the same year on William street in Newark.
In 1902, ended the Boer war, which began in 1899. The British Empire gained control of modern South Africa and Swaziland.
In 1941, ended the German airborne operation to capture the Greek island of Crete. He remained under occupation until may 1945, when returning British troops liberated the island.
In the 1946 resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU(b) and the Council of Ministers of the USSR at Novosibirsk aviation plant named VP Chkalov was created by the experimental design Bureau OKB-153. He was appointed chief designer Oleg Antonov. In the summer of 1952, the design Bureau moved to Kiev, where he is based to this day. Now known as Antonov.
In 1997 Russian President Boris Yeltsin and Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma signed a Treaty on friendship, cooperation and partnership between the two countries. Lasted twenty years and lost its force on 1 April 2019, 5 years after the Russian annexation of Crimea and almost five years since the beginning of Russia provoked the war in the Donbass.