In many countries, more and more people are wondering: is new technology a threat to humans. Many jobs that exist today, tomorrow may be gone. For example, robotic cars can in the near future to make the profession of drivers is unnecessary. And millions of people across the planet. What will happen to them?
New technologies should help to improve social conditions
Director General of the International labour organization
At the same time, the machines greatly simplify the daily work of people and thus give scope for more creative activities. Consider a few examples: from the Nile valley to Silicon valley.
Chamomile fields and machines
Fast forward to the chamomile fields in the oasis of El-Fayoum in Egypt. Collection of flowers is an important source of income for the people of this region. Seasonal workers are employed many local women. And new technologies are a boon because they allow not only to facilitate the work and increase productivity.
We are talking about new machines for drying flowers. They replaced the traditional procedure of drying the buds under the sun. which was used in Egypt for centuries. Now the process takes much less time than before: only two days. So you can grow more flowers. In the season of harvest daisies can reach 300 tons.
“In General, new technologies have allowed to provide jobs for significantly more people than before. From engineers who worked on the development of new machines, to simple workers who work directly in the fields in El-Fayoum,” said the Professor Wael Abdelmoaty specializing in environmental issues.
According to experts, the use of new technologies will allow Egypt to create new jobs and attract more investments into the country. But could technological progress have the opposite effect?
Fast forward to the USA – to Boston. Thanks to Massachusetts Institute of technology and a network of innovative startups, this city is now at the forefront of technological progress and robotics.
Company Harvest Automation has developed a robot that can move potted plants and arrange them in such a way as to optimize the growth of the green. Until recently this has always been the people.
“To move potted plants – this is the most thankless job on the farm. No one likes to do. Ask anyone,” – said the head of a startup Charlie Grinnell. According to him, several dozen households have bought these iron “miracle of farmers.”
However, what became of the people, on change which came robots? They not only lost their jobs, but on the contrary, were able to do more interesting work. “On the farm there is always work,” said Grinnell. All our clients say that the use of robots for simple work allowed them to free up manpower for more important tasks.”
Who’s who: the robot or man?
However, with each passing day, machines are becoming more intelligent and productive. Based in Boston the company Neurala is developing software for visual object recognition: as the human eye.
How it works. Take mobile phone, take a picture of any object, such as a water bottle. Run this picture through a special program and voila: now the program can recognize this bottle, among many other objects.
As noted by CEO Massimiliano Versace, such programs can perform the task of detecting and finding lost children, keep track of the movement of animals or to identify any faults. But what about men?
“There are works that people simply should not do. For example, to sit in the booth and give receipts for travel on the highway. Or all day to look at the camera. All this should do machine. Artificial intelligence will allow to free the man,” – says Massimiliano Versace.
Artificial intelligence is sweeping the planet
The international labour organization has formed a special Commission, which is tasked to study how the development of new technologies and artificial intelligence will affect the labour market in the future. The work involved experts from different countries.
“The introduction of artificial intelligence will enable enterprises to extract greater profits, the doctors can choose the most optimal treatment course for patients, the security services – to identify the vulnerabilities of IT systems and prevent hacking attempts by hackers. You can take any sector,” says Sophie Vandebroek from IBM Research.
If society is to adapt to new working conditions, which in the future will change compared to today? Scientists do not see this as a problem.
“If man will have everything he needs, and he will not have to work to survive, work will become a kind of luxury. And maybe it’s not as bad as it seems at first glance, – says Vivek Vadva from Carnegie-Mellon. – Why we need to work 50 hours a week? Why can’t we only work 10 hours? Free time people could devote to art, education, creative activity”.
What is the ILO?
The Commission, established by the International labour organization (ILO), is expected to submit its report in 2019. The head of the ILO guy Ryder in an interview with Euronews he shared his vision of the situation.
“We are experiencing the era of the so-called 4th industrial revolution. If we turn to history, we see that the previous industrial revolutions have always led to the fact that there is more work, work has become easier and living conditions in General improved. But it is obvious that every time humanity had to pass through a period of adjustment,” said guy Ryder.
According to him, half or even more than half the existing professions in industrialized countries can go to the robots. “However, this may not happen, explains Ryder.- There are many factors that will prevent this. I think all agree on the following: new technologies should help to improve social conditions, not Vice versa.”
In Japan with rapidly ageing population working part is reduced. In developing countries all Vice versa – in Africa, South Asia, the population is growing rapidly and there is a very large demand for working hands, especially among young people.
“The situation is different everywhere, and this must be taken into account, – says head of the ILO. – I’d like to touch on another aspect: the so-called green economy. The developing world has a very strong potential to benefit from the shift to cleaner and thus more sustainable economy.”
See program Spotlight on Euronews.