Two days in a row on 1 and 2 November in Mexico celebrate an unusual holiday for us – the day of the Dead. The first day honored the dead children and babies, it is called the Day of little angels, and the second – Day of the dead – I remember all the adults dead.
Mexicans believe that their dead relatives come to live and visit. To this day, the cemeteries to decorate ribbons, flowers, and the way home the relatives of the deceased forced the candles to the deceased rapidly found her way home.
A little history of the holiday
Day of the Dead first began to celebrate the Mayans and Aztecs. They began to construct walls with images of skulls and the gift Mictlantecuhtli – the goddess of death. Earlier 2500-3000 years ago, the people of the tribe the Olmecs also with respect and reverence belonged to the dead.
The cult of death and the rituals associated with it, so much has taken root among this people, that they have not managed to eradicate even the Catholic Church. Gradually, they are organically integrated and included in the nineteenth century. Now a holiday tied to All Saints Day (November 1) and All souls Day (November 2).
Interestingly, in 2003 UNESCO included the day of the Dead in the list of intangible cultural heritage of humanity.
It is a holiday in Mexico is celebrated very brightly and rapidly. Carnivals, processions, and Katrina, became a holiday symbol can be seen on the streets. By the way, “Katrina”, “Calavera Catrina” or just “Skull Katrina” appeared relatively recently. It was created in 1913 by artist Jose Guadalupe Posada. The image belonged to the humorous series of “Calavera” means skull. Then there was created the figure of “Katrina”, decorated with the latest fashion trends of the early twentieth century. It symbolized the fact that the rich and fashionable are mortals, just like everyone else.
The day of the festival
In General, the occasion can be divided into two parts: the family and the street. At home, in the family circle Mexicans make the dead altar, which is decorated with orange marigolds, verbena, favorite drinks and food. The richer and more beautiful altar, the sooner will come the deceased. It was believed that the dead children come to the family a day early, it is their peculiar privilege, and adults – in the night from 1st to 2nd November. Mexicans believe that after the death of their relatives and friends go into another world. The only time they can visit his family in our world – 2 Nov. Meeting with the spirits of the dead should be pleasant, yet they have come a long way from the other world.
The day of the Dead is not accepted to grieve, on the contrary, it should be fun. Must laugh came dead, so he gave the living of his blessing. Therefore, toward evening, a quiet family celebration turns into a noisy street procession.
Another symbol of Day of the dead in Mexico – sweet yeast bread “pan de muerto” (translated as “bread of the dead”). These buns are prepared specially for the holiday and leave on the altars and graves.
The sweetest tradition takes place in the town of Michoacan. Here children participate in the Dance of the little old men (La Danza de los Viejitos). Teenagers disguised as old men, slow with the procession through the town and at one point starts to dance provocatively.
Well, the worst is the celebration of Day of the dead in the town of Pomuch in the yucatán Peninsula. Here the dead are dug from the graves, wash the dust and put it in a small wooden casket. Then these latter-day urn will take in a special store. This tradition is associated with acute shortage of land and by the lack of cemetery space for all souls.