In the latest issue of the magazine “Russian space”, published on the website of the Roscosmos, among others, was presented to the article “American Beauty” about the first private manned launch, which was performed by SpaceX on the Dragon ship Crew. The publication can be called critical.
She recalled that the mission was late for 5 years compared to the original plans, lists of problems and delays along the way and notes that SpaceX, Boeing bypassed due to misfires of the latter. The material also focuses on skillful PR campaign on promotion of the mission, paying tribute and announcement of the passage of the astronauts on the Tesla, and the game in the browser, allowing anyone to dock a Crew Dragon to ISS with similar real controls.
According to the feelings of the astronauts, compared to the Space Shuttle loads during injection was lower, and the Falcon 9 boosters, liquid fuel worked noticeably smoother, but only to enable the second stage, and the entire road Crew Dragon “snorted and puffed”, and the separation of the ship was much sharper than the Shuttle.
The article acknowledges the obvious: for the U.S. this development is a notable achievement, because from now on, U.S. astronauts will once again be able to fly into orbit without the help of the Russian Soyuz. The United States got what you wanted: compact and more reliable than the Space Shuttle, a manned space rocket system, allowing you to spend less on the shipping crew (each mission will at times, if not much cheaper). Among the advantages of Crew Dragon in comparison with the shuttles marked system for the rescue of the crew in case of an accident on any site launch: from the beginning of refueling of the rocket until separation of the spacecraft from the last stage due to the propulsion system, integrated in the return unit. It was created in order to implement the reactive soft landing, but while the capsule dropped into the ocean.
But there are drawbacks: for example, the alarm of “Roscosmos” is placing a huge liquid engines thrust directly behind the wall of the cabin: experts questioned the safety of the neighborhood crew and a couple tons of toxic propellants (dinitrogen tetraoxide and monomethylhydrazine) supplied under pressure to the engines of the emergency rescue system.
Also the specialists of Roskosmos noted that Crew Dragon much larger “Union” and is designed for seven people. But it is only able to deliver up to 4 astronauts, so that the system becomes excessive. Among the disadvantages of the ship pointed out the problems with comfort in the sanitary facilities: for example, the astronauts complained that the toilet area is separated from the rest of the cabin only a symbolic screen.
A fairly large volume of text, the paper also refers to future plans of SpaceX, talks about how Americans liked to fly on Soyuz, and offers some comments Dmitry Rogozin.