In the light of “green” initiatives in the countries of the European Union will be interesting to look at the statistics on nuclear power plants in the region. In the such data by 2018, provided the Bureau Eurostat. On current EU nuclear reactors is estimated in the so-called oil equivalent. Produced during the fission of nuclear fuel in the reactor heat is converted into the unit of toe (tonne of oil equivalent).
It should be understood that the generation of electricity is only consumed about 1/3 of the generated heat. A great part of it lost, although a little on the heating of greenhouses or heated cities.
In 2018 in 13 member States of the European Union (EU-27) nuclear reactors operated in Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Germany, Spain, France, Hungary, Netherlands, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland and Sweden. In other member States of the EU-27 existing nuclear facilities there.
The total production of nuclear heat in EU-27 in 2018 amounted to 195 738 tonnes of oil equivalent (toe), which is 8.1 % less compared to 2009, but slightly larger (by 0.1 %) compared with the 2017 year. Nuclear power plant in 2018 in the EU produced about 28 % of electricity. The volume produced per year of electricity has decreased since 2006 by 16.7% or 1.4 % per year on average. The loss of electricity generation during this time to blame the German authorities, which reduced the output power at the nuclear objects of the country by 54 %.
Peak electricity generation at nuclear power plants in the EU occurred in 2004. Then was produced the 928 400 GW, or 26.9 % of the electricity. The decline in production began after 2006, when Germany started to shut down the reactors.
By 2018 the undisputed leader in the production of heat in nuclear power plants is France (107 629 tonnes of oil equivalent). Germany ranked second with a production of 19 571 toe. On tretem place Sweden with a volume of 16 727 toe. In General, other countries had to compensate the reduction of nuclear capacity in Germany.