Petro Poroshenko in the first year of his presidency, more efficiently worked on reforms in Ukraine in comparison with Vladimir Zelensky, despite the fact that both had to overcome the crises.
This conclusion was made by experts of the independent analytical platform VoxUkraine, analyzing the reforms that had been initiated and supported by the fifth and sixth presidents of Ukraine in the first year of his term.
Experts point out that both presidents faced with crises. “In 2020 the global pandemic and quarantine coronavirus caused a medical and economic crisis. In 2014-2015 the crisis in Ukraine was local, but no less serious: in 2014, began the invasion of Russia, fighting in Eastern Ukraine. The loss of territory and industry, focusing on them, the growth of military spending led to falling GDP and high inflation. The economic crisis has forced the newly elected Parliament of the VIII convocation to take a lot of reform laws – the beginning of 2015, the highest values of the Index of reform. After the introduction of “turbo” in the autumn of 2019, the index also increased slightly”, say analysts. The study notes that analyzed the periods when each of the presidents received the “new” Parliament and the Cabinet.
“In the Verkhovna Rada of IX convocation, the Pro-presidential party “servant of the people” received 254 mandate. This is enough to independently without support of other political forces to make laws. In 2014, the Bloc of Petro Poroshenko received 132 of the mandate, therefore, for the formation of the parliamentary majority it formed a coalition with the party “people’s front”, “Samopomich”, the Radical party of Oleh Liashko and “Fatherland” – the coalition includes 302 MPs. Over time, the coalition began to disintegrate as “monopolist,” say the researchers.
According to experts, Petro Poroshenko during the year managed to join the 97 reforms (in particular, he initiated laws 8 and issued 3 the reform decree), and Vladimir Zelensky – up to 84 reforms (initiated 11 reform laws). “However, it is important not only reforms, but also their significance. We therefore compared the progress of reform monitor, which provided these reforms. Progress in the direction calculated by the sum of the scores of reforms, joined the President,” the article says.
In all areas – administration, public Finance, monetary system, business environment, energy management, public Finance, monetary system, business environment and energy, greater progress occurred during the tenure of Petro Poroshenko, according to the experts VoxUkraine.
They also point out that reform is needed first and foremost is political will, then neither the war nor the coronavirus will not be a hindrance to the development of the state.