The Institute of telecommunications them. Fraunhofer (Fraunhofer HHI) after several years of research and standardization, together with partners from industry, including Apple, Ericsson, Intel, Huawei, Microsoft, Qualcomm and Sony introduced the new world standard in the field of video coding and H. 266 or VVC. Standard specification is over 500 pages.
VVC stands for Versatile Video Coding (universal video encoding). The name is intended to reflect the main direction of the new standard – data transfer over the network, because today a short video form about 80 % of global Internet traffic.
H. 266/VVC represents the pinnacle of at least four generations of international standards for video encoding. Currently previous standards H. 264 (Advanced Video Coding, AVC) and H. 265 (High Efficiency Video Coding, HEVC) is used more than 10 billion end devices and form more than 90 % of the global volume of video data.
Due to lower bandwidth requirements H. 266/VVC can make video transmission in mobile networks more efficient. For example, the previous codec H. 265/HEVC demanded the order of 10 gigabytes of data to transfer a 90-minute video at a resolution of UHD. New technology at a comparable quality requires a total of 5 gigabytes of data. As H. 266/VVC was developed with a sight on ultra high-definition video, the new standard is especially useful when streaming videos in 4K or 8K. In addition, H. 266/VVC ideal for all types of moving images: from 360-degree panoramas with high resolution to capture the screen data and transfer it over the network in real time. Well the codec encodes the text and graphics, is able to adaptively change the resolution, support 10-bit and HDR.
“After devoting nearly three years to this standard, we are proud to have played an important role in the development of H. 266/VVC, – said the head of the group systems in video coding the Fraunhofer HHI Benjamin Bross (Bross Benjamin). – Due to the significant jump in the efficiency of coding, the proposed H. 266/VVC, the use of videos will be expanded throughout the world. In addition, Bo? most versatility H. 266/VVC makes its use attractive in a wide range of areas related to the transmission and storage of video”.
It is planned to create a unified and transparent licensing model based on the principle of FRAND (fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory) for the basic patents related to H. 266/VVC. This was created on forum Media Coding Industry Forum (MC-IF), which in addition to the Fraunhofer Society includes more than 30 companies and organizations. Already created the new chips required for the use of H. 266/VVC, including for smartphones. Unlikely, but maybe, in the Snapdragon 875 we will see hardware support for the standard? This fall, Fraunhofer HHI will release the first software that supports H. 266/VVC (both the codec and the decoder).