Despite the growing need of improving infrastructure that would allow people and goods to move faster across the country and in Western Europe, the construction of highways in Romania is progressing very slowly — by 22 kilometers per year.
The calculations were carried out by experts of local non-governmental organization Pro Infrastructure, which monitors the status of the road network of Romania. The length of highways in the country is 750 kilometers is only 5% of all road infrastructure. Bucharest annually announces larger travel plans, but every time something interferes with them.
The jonuta Corea, Vice-Chairman of the Pro Infrastructure: “it is very complicated bureaucratic processes. A lot of problems with the issuance of building permits, with the permission of the environmental authorities. Because of this, the state road company can not time to begin the tender process, they are poorly prepared tender documentation, resulting in many cases of contestation. Many of the problems associated with the administrative shortcomings of the state road company, various ministries and government departments, and of course, problems exist in the private sector”.
In addition, ineffective planning of road construction sometimes leads to disaster. In 2015, due to landslides have hit parts of the new motorway on the West of the country. Due to lack of high speed roads the tourism sector suffers, but the transport companies incur even greater economic losses.
Radu Dinescu, Secretary General UNTTR (national Union of carriers of Romania): “we Need to look at the problem not only with the eyes of drivers of cars and trucks: sometimes the driver has to drive in a straight line only 60 kilometers, because the bridge on the way can not support the weight of the truck, or the roadbed could not withstand the standard European weight of 40 tons, and the driver is forced to make a detour of 180 miles. Such examples are in Romania a lot, and unfortunately, it’s been a long time.”
Romania is part of important pan-European transport corridor No. 4, which leads from the sea terminal in Constantina, on the Black sea to Thessaloniki in the South of Europe in Greece and then West to Dresden and Nuremberg in Germany. Road infrastructure plays an important role in the overall relationship of roads. The Romanian part of the corridor is 834 km, but it works only 70%”.
Matteo Patrone, regional Director of EBRD (European Bank for reconstruction and development) in Romania and Bulgaria: “Infrastructure is the basis for the rapprochement between the different regions of the country and one of the main components for this. In Romania there is a clear infrastructure gap. There are only 750 kilometers of roads, is the country with the most poorly developed road network in the EU, in terms of population and area. There is still much to be done.”
According to a study by the world economic forum, last year Romania took the last — 28th place in the list of EU countries by quality of road infrastructure, and in 2015 — 25 place for completion rate of the TRANS-European transport network TEN-T.