Coronavirus is a disease of cities, according to the report “prospects for the development of the urban environment of Russia and its adaptation to the consequences COVID-19”, published on the website of the Russian presidential Academy of national economy (Ranepa).
As scholars have noted, in virtually all countries of the world pattern – the nidus is formed in the largest cities, and then extended to peripheral areas with lower level of development. “The spread of the infection in the short term triggered the outflow of population from the largest cities to the suburbs, medium and small cities, rural areas, States in the Ranepa. In the public consciousness has increased the value of the residence or the presence of a “reserve” housing in areas with relatively lower population density. It is possible to predict a sufficiently long preservation fears of a pandemic in the collective memory”.
The authors of the report believe that the pandemic COVID-19 in Russia will change the demands of the population to the characteristics of housing and the urban environment. They predict further migration from Metropolitan areas, “especially in southern regions with more favourable climate.”
Experts call a pandemic trigger, strengthened the desire of the inhabitants of cities to move to areas with less population density. They believe that in Russia it is necessary to adjust the state policy of spatial development management, and policies to stimulate housing construction. In particular, the need to organize comprehensive support of individual housing construction and limit high-rise building.
Earlier in June, it was predicted the change in lifestyle of Muscovites after a pandemic, according to analysts, citizens become more likely to make a choice in favor of suburban real estate. Many of them have acquired the experience of living outside the city during the spread COVID-19.