Scientists from the University of Manchester, UK, assessed the strengths and called prospective application created in the USSR antiseptic miramistina.
So, this antiseptic was safer for the environment and humans than many other popular drugs, despite the fact that it has a broad spectrum and active against coronaviruses, according to the article in FEMS Microbiology Reviews.
In particular, the synthesis is less toxic to human cells and capable of biodegradation (Biodegradability miramistina reaches 88-93%). For comparison, the molecules of many other antiseptics contain chlorinated aromatic structures, which can remain in the environment for decades and can be toxic to fish, algae and plants.
Miramistin is able to suppress influenza virus, coronaviruses, adenoviruses, HIV, HPV, fungi Candida, Aspergillus, bacteria Staphylococcus, gonococci, Klebsiella, and others.
As scholars have noted, Miramistin was created during the cold war, in the 1980s, in the framework of the space program. It is used in the countries of the former Soviet Union and now.
“Miramistin not notice in the West, but it may have advantages from the point of view of practice and environmental impact….Unfortunately, modern antiseptics have flaws. For example, bleach contribute to the exacerbation of asthma. Many of them are not active against coronaviruses,” said the study’s lead author Ali Osmanov.