The owners of the Internet providers say that Facebook will now “fly”, the speed will increase almost 100 times!
The news, which we waited for a long time – social network Facebook starts setting up servers to store information on the territory of Ukraine, UKRINFORM writes. More specifically, these servers will be placed on the grounds of the Ukrainian Internet service providers, such as the Will or Ukrtelecom. In General, this step-giant seems logical, given the sharp increase in Ukrainian segment of Facebook due to the closure of the Russian social networks.
For users of Facebook will change a bit, but it’s a pleasant change. Increase the speed of data transmission. Imagine the average Facebook user wants to view the video, which appeared in the news feed. Now the algorithm is this: the user presses the “play” button, the query retrieves the ISP, which loads the appropriate movie on overseas servers Facebook. And this time — for the information of the General Director the Internet-provider Lanet Marian center, now the speed is from 150 to 300 milliseconds (MS). If Facebook will install the server on the basis of the Internet service provider is the speed will be increased. After all, this is a video from the Ukrainian segment of social networks, have to be stored in Ukraine. That is, says Mr. Ivasyuk, the speed of loading video on a gadget user is about 2-3 MS. And these a hundred times faster on each request will significantly alter the nature of the load on the appliance and will increase the comfort for the user.
Incidentally, Facebook is not the first IT giant, who sets their own servers in Ukraine on the grounds of Internet service providers. In particular, Google, which did it back in 2013. Then users massively fond of the growth rate of our search. It seems that the same reaction awaits on Facebook.
And for Facebook you need to follow because in the next 2019 elections we expect. And Facebook and other social networks, as you know, last two years have become dangerous — it is through social networks Russia interfered in elections and other voting in the United States and in many European countries. Ukraine is a key geopolitical interests of the Kremlin, so there can be no doubt: attempts to interfere in our internal Affairs will be massive. The address of Facebook in the United States, in particular, still sound claims and charges Ukraine, of course, not America, but hardly at the Central office FB tend to prevent the recurrence of American and British history. So perhaps the setup is one of the steps of preventing the intervention of Russia.
Ukrainians in Facebook has 13 million — for their servers and set
The main reason for “moving” servers Facebook media referred to the increase in the number of Ukrainian users after the ban on Russian products – “Vkontakte” and “Classmates”. Indeed, Facebook has become much more popular since the beginning of 2017, the Ukrainian audience has grown by 71% and now amounts to 13 million users — according to data of the international Agency “We are social”. That is, every fourth Ukrainian registered in Facebook.
Of course, 71% is not just “migrants” from the Russian social networks. The same Agency “We are social” shows that the total number of regular Internet users in Ukraine last year increased by 17%, that is 4 million people and now is almost up to 25.6 million people. As you can see, the number of Ukrainian Internet users, and in particular, users of Facebook are growing steadily.
Another reason why Facebook decided to place servers in the Ukraine there is a need to store personal data within the country. As explained media expert of the Institute for democracy name of Pylyp Orlyk, Sergiy rybczynski, this trend is now actively spreading around the world through changes in government policy in relation to cyber security. And indeed, last week there was a precedent — the land court of Berlin has recognized that Facebook violates German law, collecting personal data of users. It is therefore possible that the Corporation gradually Facebook is preparing to create a cell in different countries, which would adaptively the social network as a “regional” laws.
Among the reasons experts call for enhancing the reliability of social network — if you suddenly will fail with the server, this would harm only the users of Ukraine are partially. As Ukrainians will not affect the failures in other countries. This, of course, the positive side is the “back-end decentralization” Facebook.
Data centers Facebook is not enough
Interestingly, Facebook does not create in Ukraine a powerful data center that would be able to place personal information and other information of the Ukrainian segment of social networks. They chose a different path — to host their own servers on the grounds of the Ukrainian telecommunication companies. In fact, they rent the place (and of course service) for your device.
Experts believe that the hosting servers at the sites of Internet service providers — cheaper than building your own data center. Moreover, Facebook has no problem with the storage location information. Managing partner of IT company D2 Vladimir Demyanenko in comments to UKRINFORM expressed the opinion that the creation of a private data center Facebook in Ukraine is that there are no rational reasons.
Co-founder and partner of D2 Vladimir Demyanenko
“This does not affect the number of users in the country, the creation of the data center must be economically justified. In particular, the data center Facebook in Sweden, is located 100 km from the Arctic circle, cold local climate allows a natural way to cool the power center and save a lot of resources, both financial and industrial. In total, Facebook now has at least 10 data centers, so the need in the data center in Ukraine no” – said the expert.
But the Ukrainian telecommunications companies can provide their platforms for rent. In particular, Facebook has already signed agreements with companies “Triolan” (and placed the servers in Kiev and Kharkov) and Lanet, and is now trying to negotiate with Ukrtelecom and Will. First, that remittances to Ukraine. But if we are talking about Ukrtelecom, after its renationalization is cash income directly to the state Treasury. And secondly, that the development of the digital infrastructure of Ukraine.
Facebook cares about money, not the threats to democracy from Russia
Now Ukrainians are very interested in, Facebook will provide a system of protection that would have prevented the intervention of Russia in the Ukrainian elections (presidential and parliamentary), which is scheduled for 2019. And there is a setting for servers in the Ukraine one step in this direction. However, experts agree that the private servers, and protection from political influence of other countries — things that are not related to each other.
Managing partner of IT company D2 Vladimir Demyanenko sees no connection between the installation server Facebook in Ukraine and to improve the safety of Facebook. “Manipulation of public opinion in social media occur not through an attack on the server, and by running social hacking involved bots that comment on and generate online content through the user interface, so they can sow and spread. And there is only on man and his ability to critical thinking, whether manipulated or not. And the servers were protected, and remain,” – said the expert.
Sergey Rachinsky sees no connection between the location server and protection from interference by the Russians in the electoral processes. “Now Facebook has a problem not with the defense that the business model of cooperation with the media and advertisers, which aims to provide a relatively low level of political spam. This, incidentally, is linked to frequent changes in the algorithm for generating news feeds for users,” said Raczynski.
About the opening in Ukraine of the office Facebook also, unfortunately, is not. Experts agree that the Facebook administration was quite happy with the state of Affairs that exists now, namely the Warsaw office, which manages the Affairs of the whole of Eastern Europe. It is moderate Ukrainian segment of Facebook, consider the complaint and at its discretion and in accordance with the instructions block users.
Pasamayo: setup Facebook in Ukraine can be regarded as a positive step, but it is not a revolution. Among the consequences of improving the speed of social networks and the development of infrastructure of Ukraine. But to place special hopes for fundamental changes in Facebook policy we are not necessary — it is evident that despite all expectations, the business interests of the company are paramount. And protecting the users from the hybrid attacks the Russian IT-giant is still not too upset, it’s our private problem…