Ukrainian politician Mykola Tomenko has said that President Vladimir Zelensky and his team can learn from the history and outstanding figures of the past – hetmans Ivan Mazepa and Pylyp Orlyk.
Politician Mykola Tomenko said that in the 310-th anniversary of the adoption of the first Ukrainian Constitution written by Hetman Pylyp Orlyk, Ukrainian authorities should remember this historic document and extract lessons from it. About this Tomenko wrote on his page in Facebook.
“Today, exactly 310 years ago, on 5 April 1710, was adopted the famous Constitution of Pylyp Orlyk.
I am convinced that the contents of this important document should be seen as a reaction to the defeat of Ukraine in the battle of Poltava, and as a kind of political Testament of Ivan Mazepa, Pylyp Orlyk, and the whole of the then political and military elite of Ukraine for Ukrainians. So, what lessons can be learned for the modern power of this first national constitutional document.
1. Authoritarianism does not suit Russia and democratic Ukraine.
“And since some of the former Hetman, following the despotic rule of Moscow, who tried to usurp, contrary to law and equity, unlimited power, do not hesitate to disregard the ancient laws and liberties… to carry out such an important matter as the fix and lift their downtrodden rights and liberties”.
2. On the need of the Kyiv Metropolitanate and the emancipation from subordination to the Moscow Patriarchate.
“… when our Motherland will be freed from the yoke of Moscow, should help to return it to the subordination initial eksarhia authority of the Apostolic throne of Constantinople…”.
3. The Crimean Tatars as a strategic ally of Ukraine.
“… a close bond of love connects called the Cossacks with the Crimean khanate, who had not time to join the Army of Zaporozhye in the armed Union and the combined forces were to defend their homeland and their rights… his Highness the Hetman… cares about… the restoration of an ancient brotherhood with the Crimean Khanate…”.
4. On the distribution of power and the importance of parliamentarism.
“… in war and in peace to collect both public and private, of the Council, considering the overall good of the Motherland, and for which independent rulers… refused to subordinate his idea of joint decision…”.
“… established three General Council that will annually gather… the First one on the feast of the Nativity, the second at Easter, the third on the Cover… And when his Highness the Hetman will offer the public the Parliament something to think about, then without exception, should be with a clear conscience, rejecting his and others ‘ private interests, without the wicked envy and thirst for revenge, to make the right decision…”.
5. About the control and openness of the foreign policy activity of the head of state.
“… if you will enter some letters from foreign countries… should… to inform (them) to the General foreman, as well as to disclose the answers, and that there was a secret written correspondence, especially strangers, and such, which could damage the integrity of the Motherland and the common good…”.
6. How to return guest workers to Ukraine not only for the duration of the quarantine.
“… must closely care that the ordinary Cossacks and commoners is not subjected to excessive harassment, devastating extortion. Because such measures encourage people to leave their houses and go to foreign lands outside their native land, to ease such hardships and to seek a better life, calm and easy”.
7. How to fight corruption in government.
“Since all the hardships and extortion of the unfortunate common people originate from bribery for assistance to persons who ask and seek… posts using trust and without merit, but insatiably striving for their own enrichment… so seriously… decide not to give anyone any governments or honor guided by some preliminary estimate… and not to impose one by force. But always like a Cossack, and ordinary officials, and especially colonels shall be elected by the free will and the vote…the law will have to perform and the Colonel, without assigning captains and other officials on the basis of friendship and personal attachment without the free vote of the County…”.
8. Social protection of servicemen and their families.
“Set immutable and declared that the widow of the Cossacks, their wives and orphans, the Cossack, and farms (farms) women whose husbands are at war or in any military services, would not be expected to any mandatory for the common people the common duties and will not be burdened with the payment of taxes”.
9. Protection of local self-government and the rights of urban communities.
“Force of the Electoral act is taken to capital city… Kiev and other Ukrainian cities kept intact and immutable all of his rightly received the laws and privileges…”.
10. On the inadmissibility of the abuse of customs and tax authorities.
“Poor simple people very often asking for a refund and put forward… complaints of farmers of the duty, as the market commissioners pursue its many unusual and countless extortion… in the same way the market commissioners need to collect the market tax only from those who exposed him, not from the poor people…”.
These are just some sage advice and unique lessons from the Ukrainian authorities of the early 18th century, who lost his power and allowed the subjugation of Ukraine by the Russian Empire.
Therefore, the current government to know and to study the historical experience of the establishment of the state to prevent errors and to act for the benefit of Ukraine and the Ukrainian people!
Day, you, the first Ukrainian Constitution,” wrote stated.