Spacecraft of the new generation of Crew Dragon company SpaceX, created by the program NASA’s Commercial Crew Development to delivery and return of crews of astronauts on the International space station, successfully docked to the ISS.
Stream climax of the mission Demo-1 – the rendezvous and subsequent docking was carried out on the YouTube channel of NASA.
For maneuvering in space Crew Dragon has 16 Draco engines that work on mixture of monomethylhydrazine and dinitrogen tetroxide. In fact, with their help the ship and adjust the trajectory as it approaches the ISS.
The @SpaceX Crew Dragon is attached to the @Space_Station! It’s a first for a commercially built & operated spacecraft designed for crew! LaunchAmerica pic.twitter.com/ddck58TVnP – NASA Commercial Crew (@Commercial_Crew) March 3, 2019.
An important difference Crew Dragon from the cargo version of Dragon and ships of other companies adjacent to the American segment of the ISS like Cygnus and HTV, is that all the stages of its docking with the station is fully automated.
This flight is known to have been carried out without people on Board, only a mannequin named Ripley, is named after the heroine of the movie “Alien”, and 180 kg of cargo for the station crew. The main objective of the unmanned mission Demo-1 was to test all systems in accordance with NASA’s certification program Crew Dragon.
Recall that the latter consists of four flight tests: two tests of the rescue system of the crew (with launch pad and in flight), as well as two flights to the ISS unmanned and manned.
Thus, the Crew Dragon has already hastily passed the test of the rescue system of the crew with simulated crash on launch, and successfully made the first flight without crew. Crew Dragon manned flight scheduled for July 2019.
Note that Crew Dragon is able to spend docked to the ISS more than 200 days. As for this particular test missions Crew Dragon will stay in orbit for almost a week, and then will return to Earth, bringing the station a burden (research results, and something else).
The mission of the DM-1 will end with the splashdown of the Crew Dragon in the Atlantic ocean, 390 miles East of Cape Canaveral on March 8.
Interestingly, the current contract with NASA requires SpaceX every time used a new Crew Dragon. The NASA contract with Boeing allows you to use the same ship Cockpit again.
Perhaps in the future NASA will allow SpaceX to use Dragon Crew again, as with the cargo version of Dragon.
Recall that Crew Dragon was officially introduced in 2014, and in 2017, SpaceX showed the interior of the Shuttle. There are four Windows through which the crew can watch the Earth, Moon and other Solar system objects, without getting up from their seats.
The seat is made of high quality carbon fiber and Alcantara. The ship is equipped with advanced capsule ejection system with the crew in the accident. During ejection, the astronauts experience g-forces similar to those that occur on rides at Disneyland.
If you forgot, here’s a video showing the interior of the spacecraft Crew Dragon:
And this video shows how it will look in manned flight with the crew on the ship SpaceX:
SpaceX launched unmanned spacecraft Dragon Crew to the International space station on Saturday morning.