Leukemia, or leukaemia, a cancer that affects blood cells and bone marrow. Abnormal blood cells displace healthy, which leads to anemia, bleeding, infections and pathological changes in other organs and body systems. Despite the danger, the disease is accompanied by fairly mild symptoms that are easily overlooked or attributed to other diseases. Therefore, it is important to know how it manifests itself leukemia.
1. Fatigue and weakness
These symptoms are the consequence of anemia – deficiency of red blood cells. You may feel slight fatigue, but sometimes attacks of weakness may increase.
2. Shortness of breath (dyspnea)
Patients often experience shortness of breath, finding it difficult to talk or walk – they immediately start to suffocate. Sometimes go into the next room becomes a problem for them.
3. Unreasonable or extensive bruising
Leukemia bruising can occur for no apparent reason. Sometimes a slight touch is enough to you already formed a huge bruise. This is due to the insufficient number of platelets in the blood. Often bruises appear on the arms and legs.
4. Unusual bleeding
Frequent nosebleeds, bleeding gums, lips or inner organs can also be a symptom of leukemia.
5. Petechiae (tiny hemorrhages in the skin or mucous membranes)
Petechiae can look like little red dots drawn with ink. They are easy to overlook, they are painless and often appear on the feet of the ankles and the ankles.
6. Enlarged and swollen gums
The presence of this symptom in cases of suspected leukemia, the doctors check first. You may feel discomfort and looseness of the gums, so will notice these changes.
7. The feeling of fullness in the stomach or bloating
Doctors call this “rapid saturation”. Because of enlarged spleen you constantly feel like you have overeaten.
8. Discomfort and pain in the upper left abdomen
Enlarged spleen can also cause stomach discomfort or even a sharp pain. The pain cannot be tolerated, as part of the spleen may even die.
9. Fever or chills
These symptoms are a quarter of patients with leukemia. In addition, low-grade fever (around 37 ° C) is a sign of infection and a weakened immune system.
10. Night sweats
Sweating at night is a symptom of many diseases. So if you noticed that in last time regularly and profusely sweating in sleep, time to go to the doctor.
11. Throbbing headaches
Infrequent, but very dangerous symptom of leukemia – throbbing headaches. They can be associated with anemia or even life-threatening bleeding in the brain.
Usually in addition to weakness, sleepiness and shortness of breath in patients is added and unnatural pallor, which is a consequence of the same anemia.
13. Pain in the bones
Leukemia starts in the bone marrow, so if you feel something ranging from mild pain to severe, twisting, consult your doctor.
14. Enlarged lymph nodes
Check your neck, armpits and inguinal areas for the presence of noticeable but painless swelling in the lymph nodes. Your tonsils and tonsils can grow and shrink during periods of infection, but if they remain increased or continue to increase, it can be a symptom of leukemia or lymphoma.
Rashes associated with leukemia may be different from similar to the allergic hives mild rash to large subcutaneous Gorbikov. However, they have one thing in common: they will grow and increase as the progression of the disease.
16. Frequent recurring infections
If even a minor infection troubling you for a long time and treatment does not give significant results, perhaps you should do a detailed analysis of blood. The feeling that you are constantly on the verge of a cold, frequent colds and infectious diseases, along with other suspicious symptoms, a serious reason to consult a doctor and undergo a detailed examination.
Do not be scared if you find yourself more of the above described symptoms. Often they can be a symptom of other diseases or weakened immune system. Nevertheless, we recommend you to have regular and detailed medical examination, because any disease is easier to prevent than to cure.