Ukraine is mainly to cope with the implementation of the Association agreement with the EU and wants to update it. These are the findings of monitoring of implementation conducted by experts and authorities.
10-year agreement on Association of Ukraine with the EU for the first 5 years of the action performed by 41.6%. These are the results of the report “Ukrainian centre for European policy,” published the results of an expert study, which was supported by Kiev representative office of the German Foundation the Konrad Adenauer Foundation (Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung). A report was presented on the eve of a new phase of negotiations between Ukraine and the EU on the revision of the agreement and the formation of the agenda of bilateral relations for the next few years.
The leaders of the Ukrainian European integration
Unlike the previous four years, this time the rating of public experts on the results of monitoring the implementation of the agreement on Association of Ukraine with the EU is almost completely coincided with government data, announced during the presentation of the report of the Executive Director of “Ukrainian European policy centre” Akulenko: “We used the technique of monitoring the execution of agreements with the EU of the Balkan countries. According to our estimates, performed for 41.6% of the agreement, and according to a government report, 42%”.
Success, according to Akulenko achieved in abolishing technical barriers, the activities of companies, public procurement, energy, fiscal and consumer protection. Overall, the proportion of sectors in which recorded a significant success of the implementation of the Association agreement, is 10.4%. The share of industries where there have been many legislative changes, but their implementation has been slowed for various reasons, amounted to 18.9%. This, above all, social policy, economic competition, public health, enterprise and trade in services.
Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine for European and Euro-Atlantic integration of Ukraine Olga Stefanyshyna considers these figures “a huge success”. She recalled that the agreement of Ukraine with the EU is the largest among the similar agreements of the EU with other countries. “We are reaching the level of European integration 2.0. And the emphasis should be on article 481 minutes, which provides that the parties will periodically review the effectiveness of the mechanisms of the agreement,” added Stefanyshyna.
Outsiders the implementation of the agreement with the EU
However, according to the report “Ukrainian European policy centre”, the progress is observed far not in all directions. It is very negligible in the implementation of 12.3% of the provisions of the Association agreement. The gap is observed in agriculture, customs, protection of intellectual property, education, transport, statistics and aviation industry. As stressed by Akulenko, the greatest progress is made where there is no need to Finance reforms from the state budget. “In some areas, law reform is a costly process, and we immediately start in the direction of the stall”, she stated.
Among other factors, the containment of European integration, she called a lack of dialogue between the state and business, the shortage in government experts on European law, as well as frequent change of priorities in the activities of government institutions. “According to our experts in education and public health over the past five years, six changes of Ministers and, accordingly, each time the priorities have changed. This greatly hinders the implementation of the Association agreement,” said Akulenko.
The only government entity that “systematically interferes with the European integration,” she says the State regulatory service of Ukraine. Here, according to experts, bogged down most of the changes made in the social sector, sanitary and phytosanitary standards: “This service somehow gives the answer that acts of the EU are not binding and are only Advisory in nature. While the international acts and obligations of Ukraine are not subject to domestic regulatory authorities.” Akulenko also noted “the growth of exports to the EU from Ukraine engineering products from 1.86 billion dollars in 2012, to 2.48 billion as well As electrical products – from 1.5 to 2 billion”.
Meanwhile, the Deputy of the Verkhovna Rada from the Pro-Russian faction “of the Opposition platform For life,” Alexander Koltunovich insists on total export losses of the country in connection with the reorientation to European markets: “In comparison with 2013, I note that, according to our calculations, in trade with the EU, Ukraine did not get over 5 years $ 2.4 billion. Here it is necessary to add the total export losses at $ 62 billion in trade with the CIS countries during this period. So there is no promise in 2013 replacement of Eurasian and European markets has not happened.”
The upgrade of the Association agreement
Structurally, the European Union refers to the proposals of Kiev on updating of the Association agreement. Its position can be specified before the end of the year, said after talks in the Directorate-General of the European Commission in Brussels, the trade representative of Ukraine Taras Kachka.
He believes that the future agenda of relations between Kyiv and Brussels in the next few years can be formed for a further three high-level meetings, in particular on the Board of the Association Ukraine-EU in December this year. The first steps for the revision of the Association agreement Kachka sees the approval of the Annex to the agreement on energy in the gas sector and electricity, and also the arrangement regarding exports of poultry meat.
In the future, according to him, mutual trade can stimulate the transition of the Ukrainian authorities to the EU regulations, the lifting of restrictions in the sphere of motor transport and the agreement on conformity assessment and acceptance of industrial products (ACAA). This would allow Ukraine to trade in industrial goods with the EU on the same terms on which European Union countries trade with each other. We are talking about the so-called “industrial bezveze”.
In turn, Olga Stefanyshyna believes that Ukraine has made a breakthrough in the areas beyond the existing text of the Association agreement. Among them she called the beginning of Ukraine’s integration into the digital market of the EU and the desire of Kiev to the internal European market. “We go to the summit Ukraine-EU in October with very ambitious goals”, – summed up Stefanyshyna.
Bezviz The Verkhovna Rada Deputies Dollar Summer The government