The Ministry of development of communities and territories of Ukraine has published the main provisions of the bill “On fundamentals of administrative-territorial structure” (No. 2804). Presentation published on the website of the Ministry.
In particular, in the present norms is determined that the administrative and territorialnoe structure of Ukraine is based on the geographic, historical, economic, social, cultural and other factors of the internal territorial organization of the state with the division of its territory into administrative and territorial units.
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It is noted that administrative-territorial unit is a compact part of a single territory of Ukraine, defined in the prescribed manner the boundaries, which is the spatial basis for organization and activities of public authorities and / or local authorities.
Also in the presentation is determined that the system of administrative-territorial structure includes at a basic level, communities formed on the basis of settlements; at the subregional level, areas in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and regions; at the regional – Autonomous Republic of Crimea and region.
In addition, the bill establishes the principles on which the administrative-territorial arrangement authorities, which included the consideration and decision of questions of administrative-territorial structure, order of formation and liquidation of administrative-territorial units, establishing and changing their boundaries, the allocation of settlements to a category of villages, towns, cities, naming and renaming of settlements of administrative-territorial units.
“Developed by Ministry of regional development of a government bill – one of the package of normative-legal acts of decentralization. It defines the main principles of the administrative-territorial structure of Ukraine, the procedure of establishment, liquidation, establishment and change of borders of administrative-territorial units and settlements”, – stated in the message of regional development.
It is noted that the adoption of such law will allow to solve a number of longstanding problems. For example, current legislation in the sphere of the administrative-territorial structure is not represented, the definition of “administrative-territorial units”.
There is also the inconsistency of certain norms of the Constitution of Ukraine, law of Ukraine “About local government in Ukraine” and the imperfection of the legislation on procedures for resolving issues of the administrative-territorial device. After all, Ukraine still valid decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian PCP “On the procedure for resolving issues of administrative-territorial structure of Ukrainian PCP,” dated March 12, 1981.