The Council of Europe on 10 may published an expert assessment of judicial reform in Ukraine for the period from 2014 to 2018, and draw conclusions about the compliance of the reforms with the European standards and guidelines.
According to the report, “an impressive effort in making legislative changes are commendable. At the legislative level, and to a large extent also on the institutional level, the objectives set out in the Strategy [of judicial reform] has been achieved”.
The Council of Europe experts also note high efficiency of reforms “in comparison with the other big reforms in the field of justice and lustration procedures”.
According to the authors of the report, the results of the judicial reforms show a “positive trend in increasing the professionalism, efficiency and quality of justice and reducing corruption.”
At the same time, the document stated that “the whole reform process is still in transition, and therefore too early to give any final evaluation”.
Judicial reform in Ukraine was launched in 2014.
In June 2016 the Verkhovna Rada adopted the law on the judicial system and status of judges, as well as changes in the Constitution in terms of justice. They abolished the procedure for the appointment of judges by the President for a term of five years. Also eliminated the higher specialized courts were created, the court of cassation, which ensures the protection of the right to justice of the citizen of Ukraine. Provides for a gradual increase of the salary of the judges.
In December 2016, the Parliament adopted the law on the establishment of the High Council of justice. This body replaced the High Council of justice. A Board consisting of 21 members empowered to dismiss judges from office, to transfer them to another court, to consent to detention or arrest of a judge.