The Museum began work on a new project to prepare virtual exhibitions. All exhibits will be available for viewing on YouTube and on the official pages of the Museum in social networks, the press service of the Ministry of culture of the RK. Photo press service of the Ministry of culture of the RK.
So, already posted the first photo exhibition “Crimean Roma” dedicated to the International Roma day.
At the exhibition visitors will be able to see photographs from the collections of the Crimean ethnographic Museum, supplemented by materials of the Russian ethnographic Museum and the Central Museum of Tauris. The photographs depicted the Crimean Gypsies in different time intervals: at the beginning of the twentieth century, in 20-80-ies of the XX century and in the 2000s.
In the Russian Empire the Crimean Roma were called “Gypsy”, and in the Crimean khanate they were known as “chingene”. They arrived on the Peninsula from different places, at different times, several migration flows. The most part – not earlier than the FIFTEENTH century from South-Eastern Europe.
By religion the Crimean cingene were Sunni Muslims. Crimean Gypsies in appearance, language and lifestyle is quite drastically different from each other and subdivided into two large groups. Gurbatov, or, as they called themselves, Turkmen, and Roma. Roma – on the basis of professional specialization were divided into smaller groups: Audi – leaders bears alecci setochniki, Demerdzhi – Smiths, haligi – Tinkers, Komische gold and silversmiths, dulci musicians. Gurbeti were mostly or cabs, or horse traders.
The number of Crimean cingene constantly fluctuated: in 1790 in the Crimea, the number was 3,200. The census of 1897 recorded 944 persons, the census of 1926 – 649, 1939 – 2064. In 1944 they were deported together with the Crimean Tatars. The 2001 census in the Crimea registered 1896 Roma who are representatives of the Ukrainian and Balkan ethnic groups. According to the census of 2014, the number amounted to 2388 people. The number of Roma in the world – about 18 million people in Europe towards the Roma consider themselves about 10 million people.
It should be noted that in April of the current year will be prepared a virtual exhibition of postcards and photos from the stock collection of the Museum dedicated to the celebration of Easter, the Day of the publication of the Manifesto of Catherine II on joining of Crimea to Russia, the Day of spring and labour.