The eighth planet of the Solar system was discovered by chance – with the help of mathematical equations

Восьму планету Сонячної системи відкрили випадково - за допомогою математичного рівняння

5 Jun 1819 born John couch Adams, British mathematician and astronomer, known for having first discovered Neptune. Even without seeing this planet, as they say, the tip of the pen.

Boy from childhood had a facility for math, parents are given a good education, and at 22, John already had a University degree, a mathematician in the NINETEENTH century this was able to a few. Soon, the young scientist has invented the author’s method of solving complex equations, called the method of Adams.

However, the formula was not the only passion of John. He also had an interest in astronomy. Thanks to the “proprietary” method, in 1843, the scientist came to the conclusion that in the Solar system there is another planet. The calculations have explained the reason for the deviations in Uranus ‘ orbit is only one reason revolves along another space body. Perhaps it is the eighth for the distance from the Sun planet in the Solar system. His discovery Adams shared with George and Erie, the astronomer Royal. But it is through neglect or envy – put a work colleague-lover’s on the shelf.

Meanwhile in France, regardless of the Adams on the problem Shuranova planet did the other scientist, a respected astronomer Urbain le Verrier. 10 Nov 1845, he gave the French Academy of Sciences the results of his theoretical analysis of the motion of Uranus by drawing attention to the discrepancies between observations and calculations: “This can be explained by external factors”.

Erie, of course, kept abreast of scientific developments. After reading this work, the astronomer Royal immediately drew attention to the coincidence of the results of the studies by Adams and the French scientist. It was about the movement of the same hypothetical planet, which “excites” the trajectory of Uranus. However, Era still chose to remain silent. And said publicly on the work of Adams only when the news of the discovery of Neptune by French astronomer spread throughout the scientific world…

About a year between France and England was a struggle for priority of discovery. But Adams and le Verrier did not conflict, they remained friends for the rest of your life.
                                           
“The first pictures of Neptune, the world saw only in 1989, when NASA launched the mission, “Voyager 2”, said Express online Vladimir Kozhanov, astrophysicist, researcher at the Kharkiv planetarium. This mission confirmed the presence of a magnetic field of Neptune, discovered six satellites of this planet.

And the means by which Neptune was discovered, it inspired the astronomers to search new space objects. Followed by Adams and le Verrier from a few European scientists began predictions of new planets on the basis of deviations in the movement of known or based on the analysis of the orbits of comets. Subsequently, the tip of the pen, with the help of mathematical calculations, was open and Pluto”.

“There is a method of transit photometry is a way to detect a space object by monitoring the passage of the planet on background stars, said Express online Mikhail Ryabov, member of the International astronomical Union and European astronomical society, candidate of physico-mathematical Sciences. – Thanks to this indirect method has already discovered hundreds of planets in hundreds of planetary systems at great distances from Earth. Among them, Kepler-9b and Kepler-9c. It was there, as expected, may be the planet most similar to Earth. And it is possible, it is someone who lives”.

Irina OFFICE
 

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