The objective of the European Flora Robotica project is development and study of the interaction between robots and living plants to create architectural space.
Imagine that you live in a house built not of brick or concrete, and from material obtained in the result of interaction between living plants and robots, using sensors, LEDs, and computers.
To “grow” a house like that, it will take 40 years.
But biologists, computer scientists, experts in robotics and architects already working on it.
This is a futuristic look at a symbiotic relationship, the mechanism of which is only just beginning to understand.
Mustafa Wahbi, programmer: “Plants are attracted by the blue light. Each robot is equipped with six LEDs. Radiating blue light, they cause the plants to develop in a certain direction. They also interact with each other. At some point, another robot begins to emit a blue light to guide the growth of a plant in the other side.”
Heiko Amman, the software developer: “in addition, the robot can obtain additional data from sensors installed on the plant. Or, if the plant is old enough and strong enough, the robot can stay on the plant to watch him.”
Scientists are trying to find the optimal conditions under which robots and plants will be able to form a self-contained modular design, in which could live.
The key question is to teach robots to grow such modules.
Mohammad Divband, scientist – programmer: “We take a sample of plants in nature. Plants stretch towards the light. We are trying to understand whether it is possible to repeat this behavior in robots. We want the robots independently interacted and together created a structure that responds to light.”
It was here, in Copenhagen, the architects are looking for ways to turn these hybrid modular design of robots and plants in residential areas.
And some ideas are already emerging.
Julian Gomez, Euronews: “How this study will help to create a new architectural space?”
Phil Ayres, architect, information technology: “We use the method of weaving. As needed we can extend the design, plaiting or rasplata basis, ensuring its continuity. Its flexibility allows you to easily manipulate the size, shape, volume, including the creation of a roof”
Additionally, architects believe that such designs are cheaper. And they learn how to grow different architectural forms using various materials.
Anton Nielsen, architect: “in Addition, we use fiberglass. 32 strands of glass demonstrate the potential of this material. It allows you to easily change shape. You can create a flat and even folding design.
Experts say that automated landscape objects on the basis of symbiosis of robots and plants could become a reality after 20 to 30 years.