Cleaning of grain in Turkmenistan is this year using emergency measures. President Berdimuhamedov personally inspect the fields and the harvesters charge by the police. Details – DW.
President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov recently personally checked out how to harvest grain on the East of the country. This inspection took place against the background of the expansion of the use of cards in obtaining a population of of food, as well as a General tightening of control measures for collected grain.
Turkmen police in the fields and mills sealed
“The country’s acute shortage of flour in the shops during her turn, crush and fight. In Lebap velayat, the police assigned to each harvester during harvest. So the authorities are struggling with the fact that part of the harvested grain dianin in agreement with the combiner takes himself and not losing the state”, – told DW the head of the NGO “Turkmen initiative for human rights” (TIHR) Vienna, Farid Tukhbatullin. Moreover, at the harvest time the government stopped the operation of mills.
“Before the beginning of the harvest, representatives of district administrations, police and tax Inspectorate toured farms farmers who have their own small mills, and sealed them. These measures aim to ensure that all the grain was in the state granaries,” said the source DW. Indeed, if Miller does not give grind grain into flour and to get corn for him is meaningless.
In turn, the Turkmen leader of the Republican party in exile, Nurmuhammet Khanamov, citing its sources confirmed this information. And supplemented it with the fact that not only in the East of Turkmenistan, but throughout the country, including the Western Caspian areas, the so-called private owners of power don’t have to grind the flour, nor to sell grain. “It happens, mill is not just seal and cut high-voltage power supply cable. It alone does not recover so the mill owner will have to pay for the restoration,” – said the politician.
The Turkmen state and collective farms
But what is the purpose of the authorities by adopting the above methods? To understand this, we need to understand how the Turkmen agriculture. According to Khanamov, after independence, the first President of Turkmenistan Saparmurat Niyazov in fact retained the Soviet system of state farms and collective farms, which was renamed the peasant farm: “part of the land given under lease, but the private sector was poorly developed. The main proportion, in fact, the state of the organization. Diane they receive a salary, and the heads of households are subordinated to the district administrations. And district heads now travel on private farms and let to sell their grain and to process it”.
This, according to the opposition, will last until the end of the harvest: “When the state granaries will pass the harvest, the ban will be lifted, and then the owners of the mills would buy grain for their needs. Or recovered from caches that had managed to hide or take with fields, deceiving the inspectors”.
But to what such complexity? The fact that the plans for the collection of grain down peasant farms from the top, and these plans are overpriced. “To fulfill them is not real, but the heads of households can not argue. Knowing this, local chiefs patch as you can, the holes between the plan and reality. And to do this they are able in one way: on the take from private owners all grain, and so was not profitable to hide it and process – to seal the mill,” continued the Turkmen politician who lived in Vienna.
The authorities, he said, promise to buy from private owners all the grain, albeit at very low prices. “It’s added to the fact that the removed peasant households, and with these figures the local authorities accountable to the centre. After the ban on the operation of the mills is removed,” – said DW this scheme Khanamov. In his words, this practice is known since the days of Niyazov and is used as regularly as repeated problems in the country with flour and bread.
The President of Turkmenistan and hopes for the harvest
But judging by the reports, the Turkmen media, this year’s harvest should be good. “When Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov was in Lebap and talked with one of the farmers, there was a figure that from one hectare it is possible to collect 45 tons of grain. This means that we should expect a better harvest than in recent years,” says Farid Tukhbatullin.
But then he said that this was said in front of a TV camera, and those who are on the same fields and under the same conditions, work, argue that the maximum possible now – 36-37 quintals per hectare. Tukhbatullin agrees that sealed at the time of the harvest the mill is no news for Turkmenistan, and police on the sidelines appeared for the first time.
“The revenue of the tenants of the lands involved in the production of grain is minimal, because the cost of fuel and services combine deducted from their income. Tenants are interested take part of the harvested grain do not take from it or to grind flour or to sell,” he says. Of course, to control farmers while harvesting grain, the authorities tried in the past. “But where’s the control, there is corruption. Farmers bribed the inspectors, and somehow avoided the prohibitions,” said the head of TIHR.
The Turkmen young people, blocking the Internet and the power of rumors
Nevertheless, the current situation Tukhbatullin calls exceptional: “When in the spring of this year the food problem allowed to reveal how much lack of grain harvested last year, authorities started a massive campaign against “thieves” grain from the fields. The food situation this year more than usual concerned about the leadership of the country because of the wave of protests that has swept the world. It is no coincidence that the President himself went to check on the progress of grain harvesting”.
The human rights activist believes that the reports of this wave of protests has reached the population of Turkmenistan, despite the strict censorship in the media and on the Internet: “at present, the Turkmen youth have learned to circumvent the blocking in the Internet and to access information from abroad. And from the youth information goes to society through rumors”.