The health Ministry told how to avoid gastritis, ulcers and cancer caused by Helicobacter pylori infections.
“Helicobacter pylori is considered one of the most popular in the world. Two thirds of all people infected. Most often, this infection is found in developing countries. Helicobacter pylori is a major cause of acute and chronic gastritis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, MALT-lymphoma. Gastric cancer infected by H. pylori can sometimes be 4-6 times more likely than uninfected”, – stated in the message.
Helicobacter pylori – a bacterium capable of transformation. In 1994, the International Agency for research on cancer pylori, recognized carcinogen of the first order. The infection is transmitted from person-to-person fecal-oral, oral and iatrogenic (during medical procedures with insufficiently handled tools) ways.
To search for Helicobacter pylori carried out a diagnosis of the organism:
– invasive – require conducting fibrogastroduodenoscopy (bacteriology, histology, rapid urease test, molecular biological, and phase-contrast microscopy);
– non-invasive – do not require conducting fibrogastroduodenoscopy (Molecular-biological (PCR in the feces, saliva), urea breath test, ELISA in the stool, serological);
direct determine exactly Helicobacter pylori (bacteriology, histology, PCR biopsy and in the stool);
– indirect – determination of metabolic products of the Helicobacter pylori (rapid urease test, urea breath test, serology).
Histological method used most often, as it gives more accurate results. Timely diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori may reduce the risk of infection with chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer, gastric cancer, and prevent serious complications.