The first Macintosh appeared on 24 January 1984. Then the world first saw the computer, which later gave birth to a series of world-famous products – the Mac, MacBook, MacPro, Mac mini.
Journalists Techno 24 have prepared for you a brief history of the creation of the legendary Macintosh.
Apple in the early 1980s
In 1983, Apple was still a young company with less than 12 years of experience under his belt. However, she has already made her name with the Apple II, which began to gain wider recognition in the corporate market.
However, Apple decided to look for a new segment of users and started to introduce their products into the homes of Americans. Apple needed a product that would attract a large number of users, would be easy to use (most computers had no mouse and was based on a text command line interface) and should be reasonable.
Macintosh like simple users and professionals, and in the eighties made a huge contribution to the development of technology.
The history of the name Macintosh
The name Macintosh, as you might guess, comes from apples “Mac” (McIntosh). This Apple variety was named after its Creator, John Mackintosh (John McIntosh) is a canadian farmer who started to cultivate them in 1811.
When the question arose about the choice of the emblem of the company, immediately came to mind Apple. Another interesting fact is that Apple calls their computers (and other products) like people. Apple calls its brainchild, the Macintosh, and the Macintosh. This was particularly noticeable in the statements of Steve jobs, for example,
So, you’ve seen pictures of the Mac… now I would like to introduce you Macintosh in person,
– Steve jobs said.
The Predecessor Of The Macintosh
Computer called Lisa appeared on the market in 1983. In addition to interesting design, it has received a number of innovations, characteristic for Apple computers.
The title is clear that Lisa is not a Macintosh. However, without the creation of the Lisa computer Macintosh has never appeared on the market.
Steve jobs and his project Lisa
The Lisa project began in 1978, when the Apple II was sold in the corporate market. At that time Steve jobs was the head of the Department involved in the creation of this computer, he named this project in honor of his daughter Lisa.
The Lisa project was ambitious, and its completion took four years. It provided for the development of revolutionary concepts, which at the time was not extended a computer in a single housing. Separately there was only a keyboard and a mouse, and the floppy drive and the monitor were part of a single unit. Apple then kept coming back to this basic design.
Another innovation was the emergence of a Lisa mouse. Contrary to popular belief, Apple did not show the mouse. This technology originated in the labs of Xerox where Steve jobs often visited. However, in a time when a computer was good enough to manage with the keyboard, the developers of Xerox did not see the mouse of the future, so they willingly shared all available information with jobs, who with great pleasure brought a revolutionary innovation in your current project.
The Apple Lisa
The Lisa project was completed in 1982 and 19 January 1983 it was released to the markets. Despite many attractive characteristics, the Lisa computer was waiting for a bitter failure, mainly due to its high cost: the computer was sold at a price of 9995 dollars. Such amount could allow not all home users.
However, until 1983, Steve jobs two years as he worked on his new project, which is largely based on Lisa, but was more adapted for the mass market. It was a Macintosh.
The Creation Of The Macintosh
The principle of the first Macintosh was simple: take the best from Lisa, to correct errors and reduce cost. Macintosh was the first major successful commercial project Apple.
The project Lisa and the first Macintosh
Its origins arose in 1979, when Jeff Raskin tried to create a simple and affordable computer – simplified version of Lisa. When in January 1981, Steve jobs spearheaded this project (replacing Jeff Raskin), the Macintosh has been equipped with a Motorola 68000 processor (the same processor that was Lisa, who, according to jobs, could “eat Intel 8088 for Breakfast”) screen with a resolution of 384 x 256 pixels and 64 KB of RAM, which was soon increased to 128 KB.
On the market the Macintosh appeared on 24 January 1984. The Macintosh computer cost is still expensive – 2495 dollars, but the cost was much more reasonable than Lisa. This computer is less powerful, but not as expensive as Lisa, was offered to the General public.
In addition, Apple said the Macintosh is on par with the latest IBM PC. This rivalry has become legendary, but Macintosh managed to penetrate into a world which was dominated by IBM.
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