The plant material may extend the life

Растительный материал может продлить жизнь

Researchers from the University of Graz found a substance that stimulates cell purification.

As writes the Austrian newspaper Die Presse, those who eat less and fasting, has a chance for a longer life. Reason is stimulated by cleaning the cells. It would be nice if this process, called autophagy, could be stimulated by some active ingredients. Therefore, researchers chose 200 substances to discover their properties.

A group of scientists from the University of Graz conducted a lot of experiments with wesentlichen which was the ability to slow down the aging of cells. And found substance: 4,4′-Dimethoxyethan (DMC), which, indeed, may suspend the aging process and to prolong life.

“The work demonstrates the potential of DMC as pharmacological agents against aging and age-related diseases,” – said in a study published in the journal Nature Communications.

DMC is one of the natural polyphenols known for their antioxidant properties. They found, among other things, tea, red wine and cocoa, fruits or vegetables. The researchers were able to demonstrate to the DMC on a traditional Asian medicinal plant Ashitaba.

“A substance that DMC induces in a variety of organisms, from yeast to worms and flies in cell cultures of human, cleanses cells,” say lead authors of the study (Didac Carmona-Gutierrez, Andreas Zimmermann, and Frank Madeo Institute of molecular biological Sciences. Graz).

They also found that DMC reduces damage to heart tissue in mammals.

The search for the fountain of youth

The same research group, headed by Frank Madeo has discovered a substance that promotes autophagy ten years ago: spermidin. It contains, among other things, the wheat germ, mushrooms or ripe cheese and has a protective effect on the heart and brain.

In many places, explorers sought the fountain of youth. They found what I was looking for in soil bacteria from Easter island, rapamycin, which helps to extend the life by preventing the enzyme. It has been tested, in particular, in 2009 on mice. Life males increased 28 percent, female 38. However, the mouse became ill with diabetes. Even in humans rapamycin has serious side effects, among other things, it weakens the immune system.

Belief in the rejuvenating effect of young blood beings goes back thousands of years. Looks like this was confirmed in the late twentieth century, when two of the experimental mice were stitched together, sharing the bloodstream – the body of older mice were rejuvenated. But the spraying of blood plasma from younger mice had a similar effect.