This week in French Le Bourget is the 53rd international aviation and space show Paris Air Show. One of the most interesting exhibitions to jointly present the Ukrainian enterprises Yuzhnoye and Yuzhmash.
On the eve of the exhibition, the correspondent of channel 24 has been in the river in the design Bureau “southern” and the eyes saw, and photographed unique plant and technology once closed to foreign production.
At the exhibition in Le Bourget, where now brag about their achievements are world leaders in the field of aviation and space industry, the state enterprise design Bureau “South” and “southern machine-building plant” are models of the current booster “Antares”, promising vehicles “Cyclone-4M”, “Cyclone-1M” and “Mayak-SH-5”, the layout of the spacecraft “YuzhSat-1” and cryogenic fuel tank, made on the latest manufacturing facilities of KB “southern”.
The layout of the rocket “Cyclone”-4M
What is the Paris Air Show? This is one of the largest and most prestigious aerospace salons in the world. Happens every two years in Le Bourget (12 km from Paris). At the exhibition you can see the entire “palette” of flying machines (aircraft from giant to miniature drones), to assess the innovations in the sphere of Aero – and engine-building, aerospace, defense equipment and technology. This year the show is attended 2462 companies from 50 countries of the world. Ukraine represent SE of KB “southern” and SE “Pivdenmash”, SE “Antonov”, JSC “Motorsich”, SE “Ivchenko-progress” and the DK “Ukroboronprom”.
See the magic
Some of the works of KB “southern”, which visitors to the exhibition in Le Bourget, can only be considered in the form of models, the author of these lines saw live – in the form of real products in the river – directly in the enterprise. The assembled media, “Antares”, however, was preparing to ship overseas, so was wrapped in a special cocoon of sheets and was on a mobile platform. But the satellites could be considered to the smallest detail. And to see how parts are produced, how harvested and tested space technology. Believe me – it is a magical process. And high-tech! But try to tell this to clear all the words and show pictures. So…
The achievements of CB “southern” in numbers: 9 types of rockets more than 100 models of rocket engines more than 80 models of spacecraft more than 900 Sands of rockets launched more than 400 satellites, created KB
Among the rockets now the main card of the “South” – “Antares”, a joint project of the space industry of the USA and Ukraine. In addition, KB continues to work with all their families of launch vehicles – “Zenith”, “Cyclone” and “lighthouse”. The same broad approach of the design Bureau demonstrated to their lines of rocket engines and spacecraft. In particular, the remote sensing satellites of the Earth (“Sich-2-1, Sich-2M”, “Sich-3-0”), scientific purposes (“Microsat-M”, “Ujst-1”) and connection (“Lybid-2”).
Engineers of KB “southern” collect the satellite
The correspondent of channel 24 has witnessed one of the stages of collectingcompanion. Watch had, of course, from a distance and through glass, because the process took place in a “clean” box to include only engineers in overalls.
Satellites of Yuzhnoye
One of the cards, CB “South” – computer center Yuzhnoye SC. But if you imagined that this center is a big hall, where lie many, many computers and there are a lot of operators (like in the movies), then you are very mistaken. Yuzhnoye SC is one of a small complex, which is… one (1!) computer. But he, as it is called in KB real supercomputer – the most powerful in Ukraine. In its creation was attended by such world famous companies as Hewlett Packard, MTI, APC, ANSYS and others.
What is a visual supercomputer? It’s a wardrobe of medium size, which is filled with conventional computers, but together they constitute highly efficient systems of hundreds of servers and about four thousand (!) cores on the latest CPUs. The total capacity of RAM is about 18 terabytes. Available for data storage storage by 200 terabytes. Of course, all components of the joint supercomputer high-speed network. It is therefore not surprising that the peak performance of the supercomputer is 300 teraflops – in other words, to 300 trillion operations per second!
The supercomputer and its control center
This serving is relatively small, but as you know, very powerful “Cabinet” – a separate control center and a good cooling system. Remember the popular expression: when the brain is working hard – he can “boil”. And the supercomputer “to boil,” he said. Because, as noted in KB, it “is constantly conducting the simulation in such areas as aerodynamics, mechanics, heat transfer and multifizika, and provides a solution to the many problems in a short time, increased the accuracy of the results and the opportunity to conduct full complex of design works in the shortest possible time”.
Simply put, the important calculations which used to take hours or even days, the supercomputer does in minutes and even much more precisely and deeper.
Supercomputer – what is it? Watch the video
On KB “southern” some parts for space vehicles and rocket engines began to make on a 3D printer, which is a Research production facility. This technology (scientific name selective laser melting) has mastered only the leading countries of the world. Now among them, and Ukraine.
Visually, a 3D printer is similar to a train car with Windows and sliding doors. But inside it strange things happen. Several manipulations of the operator and a conventional metal blank for a few minutes turns into intricate detail. For its production on the machine it would take much more time and product quality would be noticeably worse.
ZD-printer and products of KB “southern”
Research uses many advanced technologies to create parts. But perhaps one of the most spectacular – weldingby explosion. Two or more workpieces made of various metals “undermine” in such a way that they are welded into a single metal substance, which can be used for many different purposes. This technology, incidentally, also can boast of only a few countries.
What else was able to see is to scout for CB “South”?
This is some of the laboratorieswhere experimental testing (in particular, electronic systems), and shopinmanufacturing (metal and polymer). To describe it in words is very difficult, so just look at the photo…
Lab and products of KB “southern”
Children Of “Satan”
Interestingly, one of the test centers is under the ground not far from the legendary pedestal with strategic missile “Satan”and little sisters who are now on combat duty in Russia and horrify the whole world.
The same “Satan”
But now CB “South” – the vast majority of plans are very peaceful. More about that in the next report.
In the second part we will tell about how much a “southern”, with whom to cooperate and what plans for the future.