Myocardial infarction – is necrosis (necrosis) of heart tissue. He появляетсяHeart attack Symptoms and cause, when, for whatever reason, the blood ceases to flow to the heart muscle (the myocardium). Due to the lack of oxygen to areas of the heart begin to die.
Most often there is narrowing feed the heart arteries – for example, due to cholesterol plaques. This condition is called ischemic heart disease. To coronary artery disease has transformed into a heart attack, sometimes you don’t need any provoking factors: enough to Wake up and get out of bed to the plaque ruptured and formed a blood clot has blocked a blood vessel. When stress or unusual physical activity this increases.
Another, though less common reason – the sudden spasm of a coronary artery that stops blood flow to the heart muscle.
When it is necessary to urgently call an ambulance
Upon the slightest suspicion of a heart attack should immediately call numbers 103 or 112 or go to the nearest emergency Department. If it’s really about a heart attack, aid must be provided for a maximum of 1-2 hours. Otherwise the consequences of infarction can become irreversible, and the risk of death will increase significantly.
Therefore, it is important to know what are the symptoms of a heart attack.
Severe pain behind the breastbone that increases gradually and sometimes spreads to the left arm, shoulder, jaw, neck, under the left shoulder blade. The pain can be different: chest pressure, burning, bursting. This is the most frequent symptom.
Fear often comes along with pain. People worry clutching at his heart.
Feeling short of breath, as in asthma attack. If a person is asthmatic and quickly takes reliever medication easier it becomes.
Shortness of breath despite the fact that physical activity is not.
Weakness, sudden dizziness, confusion.
The accelerated, irregular heartbeat.
Nausea, heartburn, abdominal pain.
The signs of heart attack can be different: someone has a lot of them, and they are expressed clearly. Someone, on the contrary, is only a minor chest pain and weakness. But the more signs you have, the higher the risk that it’s really a heart attack.