“The state has become a bulwark against anti-Semitism, racism, right-wing extremism and all forms of exclusion” – with such an appeal addressed to the German Chancellor to the congregation on Friday in the largest synagogue in Berlin, to mark the 80th anniversary of “Kristallnacht”.
Keeping in mind the sharp rise of populist sentiments everywhere in Europe, Angela Merkel said that today the face of “daunting challenges” it is impossible to give “too simple answers.”
“We are appalled at the attacks on people who wear a yarmulke, and stunned by what happened in Berlin in August of this year was motivated by right-wing ideology, – said Merkel. – Similar anti-Semitic crimes evoke horrible memories of the beginning of the persecution of the Jews in the 30-ies. These developments should be alarming not only survived the Holocaust, they need to appeal to all of us!”
Commemorative events took place in the Bundestag. A tribute to the events of 9-10 November 1938, which marked the beginning of the final solution of the Jewish question and the Holocaust, gave the President of Germany Frank-Walter Steinmeier and Parliament speaker Wolfgang Schaeuble.
At the ceremony in the Austrian Parliament, the Chancellor Sebastian Kurz said that Austria had changed. Speaking before living in Israel, the Austrian who had to flee because of the Holocaust, he said: “In Germany, Austria and Europe as a whole should not be traces of anti-Semitism. Our historical responsibility does not end at the Austrian border or in the border of the European”.
A wreath at the memorial to the victims of the November pogroms 80 years ago laid and the President of Austria, Alexander van der Bellen.