The vocational training of refugees in Germany: successes, failures and their causes

Профобучение беженцев в Германии: успехи, неудачи и их причины

All Germany needs more skilled labor from abroad, but the process of vocational training of young refugees do not always go smoothly. Details – DW.

Vocational training in Germany – only German. A native of Syria Benian the Bachar – one of many young refugees who are faced with this problem on arrival in Germany. Now Benino 23 years. In the summer of 2019 he graduated in Osnabruck, specialty “hairdresser”, becoming the best in their group.

His success story can be attributed to two factors. On the one hand, the Bachar proved to be hardworking and diligent student. On the other hand, throughout the learning process is assisted by a team of teachers, teachers and German social workers.

Is it easy for a refugee to obtain a specialty in Germany?

In the framework of industrial training in Germany can now explore nearly 330 jobs. In widespread the so-called dual system involving the close relationship between theory and practice. In this case, learning takes place mainly in the workplace, and places to give businesses themselves.

“Our company mainly have positive experience with refugees undergoing training”, – says the head of the Central Association of German artisans (ZDH) Svaneke Holger (Holger Schwannecke). “This, however, does not mean that the learning process is always easy,” he notes.

To similar conclusions came in the Organization for economic cooperation and development (OECD). In their new study, published in mid-February, experts of the OECD describe the main problems faced by migrants wishing to obtain specialty in Germany.

Compared to young people born and raised in Germany, refugees are less likely to receive training in German enterprises, the report said. According to the OECD, in the first place they interfere with language problems and low education level because of the military action in the region of their origin.

“The migrants want to make money”

The situation is complicated by the fact that the study of German, the passage of vocational training and finding jobs takes time. Many foreigners, however, want to start making money or are afraid that they will be deported from the country if they can’t find work, found in the OECD.

Holger Svaneke also emphasizes that “migrants want to earn money”. For example, a monthly stipend of future hairdressers in the first year is 450 euros, the second – 550 euros, and the third – around 700 euros. This is much less than can earn handyman, says Svaneke.

Some businesses refuse to train refugees

“The importance of vocational training in Germany is often underestimated,” says the head of the ZDH. And this despite the fact that many craft businesses can no longer meet their needs for skilled manpower without attracting migrants.

From 2015 to 2018, the number of foreigners passing profpodgotovka in the Handicrafts sector has doubled and today more than 18 thousand people. Despite this, in 2019 every tenth place for training in this sector were vacant, and many of the young refugees leave school.

Some companies refuse to refugee education. The basis of such decisions, however, are not racial prejudice. The OECD noted that enterprises simply seek to avoid big risks for businesses associated with training and subsequent employment of foreigners – not least because of the difficulties in dealing with the apprentices.

The risk for companies – the possible expulsion of students

One of the biggest challenges for German companies remains uncertain, the legal status of apprentices. In Germany there are rules that protect foreigners undergoing vocational training, from forced expulsion from Germany in case of refusal of asylum.

Under a relevant contract, the foreigner has the right to complete the training and work in the country for two years. However, the authorities of the Federal States interpretiruya these rules in different ways.

“For there is nothing worse than the expulsion of a refugee who is preparing to undergo, or already undergoing training, – the head of the ZDH Holger Svaneke. My colleagues then said: I would like to help, but it is better not to do it, because of the pupil have still taken away.”

The situation can improve the new law, which came into force on January 1, 2020: it gives the prospect of remaining in Germany, successfully integrated the foreigners who were denied refugee status. Possibility of stay in the country for 30 months, according to the document, will provide migrants who are not granted asylum, but not less than 18 months, worked full-time in Germany.

Профобучение беженцев в Германии: успехи, неудачи и их причины

Профобучение беженцев в Германии: успехи, неудачи и их причины

Профобучение беженцев в Германии: успехи, неудачи и их причины

Профобучение беженцев в Германии: успехи, неудачи и их причины