Seasonal allergies, or hay fever is a hypersensitivity to pollen of plants, which is caused by reaction to airborne levels of specific allergens: pollen of trees, shrubs and herbs.
In the Odessa region there are three waves of seasonal allergies. The first of them, from mid-April to may, is associated with flowering trees and shrubs, mostly alder, birch, oak and hornbeam, as well as dandelions and other early grasses.
The second rise of seasonal allergies is associated with the flowering of meadow herbs and grasses, especially Timothy, and lasts from mid-may to mid-July.
The third wave of flowering and seasonal allergies observed in late summer. It is the most active and long-lasting, are often associated with weeds – ambrosia, wormwood and goosefoot.
Poplar fluff, contrary to popular belief, not an active allergen, however, absorbs and carries allergenic pollen of other plants. In addition, poplar fluff causes mechanical irritation of the respiratory tract and eyes.
Allergy symptoms can resemble a viral respiratory infection: nasal congestion and profuse nasal discharge, sneezing, sore throat, dry suffocating cough. Might be feeling pains in the eyes, lacrimation, photophobia and other symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis. In severe cases, there may be asthma like bronchial asthma.
If you have symptoms of allergies should not self-medicate but to consult the doctor, since the diagnosis of “hay fever” and prescribe the correct treatment can only be an allergist. It is necessary to carry out diagnostics to identify the allergen to which the patient reacts. Then carry out specific immunotherapy.
In Odessa Allergy Center with modern diagnostic equipment working at the city hospital No. 5 at St. Trinity, 37. Here the qualified experts will help to diagnose the cause of the Allergy and prescribe the necessary treatment, and will also give advice on nutrition to the exclusion of cross-allergic reactions to products.
The risk of hay fever is that in the absence of specific treatment, every year the extended period of exacerbation, and clinical manifestations of the disease are substantially enhanced. Started with the usual runny nose and watery eyes, hay fever can lead to asthma, so be sure to follow the recommendations of a specialist for treatment.
In the period of exacerbation of hay fever can only relieve clinical symptoms and to prescribe symptomatic treatment to improve quality of life of the patient. The basic treatment of hay fever is held in the cold season after allergic diagnosis.
Recommendations for the prevention of seasonal allergies:
1. We should avoid contact with the allergen. It is desirable that the Windows in the room or in the car were closed, it is better to use air conditioning. In the open window must be a mosquito net that you want to moisturize. Should wear sunglasses to protect eyes from the pollen.
2. You must carefully observe hygiene measures, often ventilate the room and carry out wet cleaning.
3. A walk in nature preferably in the afternoon, towards evening, as the highest concentration of pollen in the air in the morning. It is best to walk for a few hours before rain or after rain.
4. After returning home from the street must change clothes, wash, rinse the nasal cavity. At least twice a day is necessary to take a shower or bath and to wash more often to the person not accumulate pollen, which carries the fluff.
5. During the exacerbation of allergies should stick to the diet, do not eat chocolate, eggs, shellfish and other potentially allergenic foods. If you are allergic to pollen grains, it is better to abandon Hercules, sourdough, coffee, cocoa, smoked sausage and pastry.
6. People who are already seeing a allergist and know your diagnosis, we need to take the drugs that they are recommended by a physician.