An independent and sovereign Ukraine is key to Euro-Atlantic security.
This conclusion is contained in the analytical review, published on the website of the Alliance.
“Russia’s aggressive actions against Ukraine have seriously undermined Euro-Atlantic security. Ukraine makes constructive steps to resolve the situation. But the key factor for the normalization of relations between NATO, Russia and Ukraine remains Russia’s recognition of the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Ukraine. The lifting of sanctions in the absence of significant steps in this direction could undermine the credibility of the West and lead to risks further destabilization,” says the publication.
The author recalls that for six years after Russia illegally annexed the Crimea, which is part of the territory of Ukraine, which was the first case after the Second world war, when the country is trying to change borders by force. This is a flagrant violation of international law were accompanied by actions to destabilize Eastern Ukraine, where Russia has started to directly support militants fighting against the Ukrainian military, and was sent to the conflict area of their own troops.
“In response, the NATO allies expressed strong support for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine. The Alliance has made the biggest reinforcement of its collective defence since the end of the cold war. He stopped cooperation with Russia, while at the same time remaining open to dialogue. Western States have imposed sanctions against Moscow”, – says the publication.
The author critically expressed about votes in the West in favor of “pragmatism” in relations with Moscow. According to him, for some obvious motive is concern about the increase in military activity. Others believe that compromise is necessary because Russia is needed to solve many of the challenges facing global security.
“NATO allies very clearly stated that continue to believe in the importance of the strategic partnership with Russia, which should be based on respect for international law and obligations. But they cannot and will not compromise on the principles that underpin the Alliance, the security of Europe and North America. Russia voluntarily accepted the order based on the rules that were the basis of European security. This order, which includes the Helsinki final act, the Paris Charter and the Founding act between NATO and Russia, meets the interests of all countries in Europe and the principles of sovereign equality and indivisibility of security. He is not hostile to Russia and not out of date”, – emphasized in the publication.
The author notes that Russia is obviously trying to advance their own interests in the field of safety through the division of spheres of influence of world States, which is absolutely unacceptable. This would represent a huge risk for European security. The sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine is the basis of European order based on rules, therefore her interests in the field of security should be fully taken into account.
The author recalls that in 1994 Ukraine acceded to the Treaty on the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons and got rid of the third largest nuclear Arsenal, which was inherited from the Soviet Union. In response, Russia, the United States and great Britain, which was later joined by China and France gave Ukraine guarantees of security, which became part of the Budapest Memorandum. These principles include respect for the independence, Ukraine’s sovereignty and existing borders, and that they grossly violated by the Russian Federation.
“Sanctions are a legitimate countermeasure in response to Russia’s violation of international law, which also allows to avoid further military escalation. They are directed against representatives of the Russian elite, who are responsible for actions that undermine or threaten the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of Ukraine. They also affect long-term development of oil, gas and banking sectors in Russia to convince the Russian government of the need to change course. Sanctions are retaliation, and they are not directed against the population of Russia”, – emphasizes the author.
In this regard, he concludes: “it is Obvious that the struggle for independence remains a national responsibility of Ukraine itself. Ukrainians will have to decide how to restore its territorial integrity, without jeopardizing the sovereignty and independence. Ukrainians themselves should decide their future. They clearly declared that they want to live in a rich and peaceful country, which will be closely linked with the European democracies, United by common values. In the future, the majority of Ukrainians see the country in the European Union and in NATO In this effort Ukraine needs Western support”.