Ukrainians are entitled to early retirement on superannuation, will be able to make it, not waiting until they reach the age of 50-55 years, depending on the profession. This opportunity was returned to the constitutional court (CC) unconstitutional a number of provisions of the Law “On pension provision”. What is the difference for the whole country, found “Today”.
The court decided
Recall that in March 2015, the deputies entered the age limit of 50-55 years for those working in the profession, leading to the loss of work capacity and aptitude, earned the right to early retirement. We are not talking about “lists №1 and №2”, which includes occupations with very heavy, heavy and harmful working conditions (miners, metallurgists, chemists), – for them nothing has changed), and the pilots, air traffic controllers, the drivers of the trains, the operators, milkmaids, lesosplava, dockers, geologists, teachers, doctors, artists… Just about hundreds of occupations. The reason it is necessary to reduce the budget deficit Pensfond. Pensioners would be less, because, despite the length of service entitling to pension, the beneficiaries still had to retirement to “grow”. The COP decided that it was contrary to the Constitution, deprives such people of the right to social security and abolished this provision of the law. After all, if the person for health reasons can no longer work in the profession (pilot – flying, the driver is to drive trains, a milkmaid to milk the cows, the dancer – to dance), he should have the right to retire, not to work someone else 5-10 years to survive.
Experts on pension issues, called the decision of the COP populist.
“The decision of the COP should be carried out, so the country will be more “early” young pensioners, whose pension is above average, which will lead to even greater budget deficit Pensfond (now it lacks about 150 billion a year) and will require additional subsidies from the state budget, – says ex-Deputy head of Pensfond Viktor Kolbun. – This will hit the economy of the country, will medienanstalt primarily the investment program, perhaps the money allocated for madrepora and education reform, will be spent on payment of pensions”.
Assessment Colbun in the country up to a million people receive pensions on superannuation or can claim them in the near future.
At the same time, economists calm, saying that the load on the FS budget will not be excessive. The Executive Director of the Economic discussion club Oleg Pendzin estimates an increase in the number of retirees by years of service about 20 thousand people.”
It’s not an impossible burden for the budget, about 100 million UAH per month, or plus 0.3-0.4 percent – calculated Pendzin. – Most of the beneficiaries of teachers and doctors, over a million people, but will draw a pension are mostly those who cannot work for health reasons. But school principals, head doctors, who, as a rule, extensive experience, is unlikely, as they will have to leave the profession”.
“This is a dangerous precedent”
The head of the Institute of civil liberties Galina Tretyakov believes that the court’s decision is a dangerous precedent:
“So you can contest the cancellation of any benefits, for example, the termination of subsidies for komuslug, so as to narrow the social protection of citizens. Think of the COP, making a decision, did not take into account the 95-th article of the Constitution, which requires to take into account the possibilities of the state budget. If we go to Europe, as it is written now in the Constitution, in Europe there are no social pensions”.
But lawyer Vladimir Stolitny notes that after the precedent of the beneficiaries, which returned the right to retire in 2015-2019, may require the state to pay their pensions in previous years.
“We need the explanation of the COP on this matter since such recourse payment – billions of hryvnia, which is available elsewhere, only at the expense of taxpayers”.
Author: Christina Konovalov, Alexander Panchenko