B12 is highly soluble in water. This is the only vitamin that is rich in mineral elements, for example, there are a lot of cobalt. So B12 is also called cyanocobalamin and cobalamin.
Vitamin B12 is useful:
involved in the formation of red blood cells – red blood cells that carry oxygen throughout the body;
responsible for the division of red blood cells and DNA formation;
regulates immunity, skin and mucous membrane of the stomach;
involved in the construction of nerve fibers;
enhances immune response to the introduction of pathogenic microorganism (bacteria, fungi, protozoa)
alleviates insomnia. Contributes to the adaptation of the organism to a sharp change of the time of day;
helps to concentrate and to memorize large flows of information;
affects metabolism, regulates the metabolism of lipids and carbohydrates;
affects the psycho-emotional state, relieves anxiety, irritability;
prevents premature death of neurons, reducing the risk of dementia;
for children vitamin B12 promotes normal growth of the body. While accelerating metabolism, improving appetite;
protects the body from the appearance of anemia;
in men, stimulates the production of sperm.
Women during pregnancy need to double the dose of vitamin B12 along with folic acid for the normal development of the nervous system of the fetus.